Lactating and Pregnant Woman
Pregnant women need to take extra diet and cares as well since they are the sole source of nutrients for their growing foetus. Also, nutrients and energy must be available for increases in the mother’s tissues and blood. While, the Recommended Daily Allowances (RDAs) for several nutrients are the same as those for women who aren’t pregnant, an expectant mother needs extra vitamins.
Intake of vitamin D should be as per doctors’ recommendation. Because, too much of vitamin D can cause birth defects, whereas, too little can weaken a developing foetus.
A pregnant woman needs an extra vitamin E to create new tissue in her body as well as the baby.
An extra 10 milligrams vitamin C is required daily for a pregnant woman. The amount of vitamin C in the blood reduces as it flows across the placenta to the baby.
Riboflavin (vitamin B2):
A pregnant woman needs additional 0.3 milligrams riboflavin each day to protect the baby against structural defects such as cleft palate or a deformed heart.
Folate is a B vitamin, such as thiamine, niacin and vitamin B12, found in black eyed peas, lentils, oranges, eggs, bananas, etc. Taking 400 micrograms folate each day during pregnancy eases risk of giving birth to a child with cleft palate and neural tube (spinal cord) defects.
It is recommended for a pregnant woman to take an extra 0.2 micrograms vitamin B12 each day to meet the demands of the growing foetus.
In case of breast-feeding mothers, more vitamin A, vitamin E, thiamin, riboflavin, and folate should be taken to produce sufficient quantities of nutritious breast milk, about 750 milliters (3/4 liter) each day. Lactating mothers lose vitamins in breastfeeding their babies, therefore extra vitamin D, vitamin C, and niacin should be taken to replace the lost.