New Delhi: The only thing constant about change is change itself but this doesn`t seem to be the case when it comes to the national capital. Despite the public outcry post the horrific December 16, 2012, gang-rape of a young woman, little seems to have changed for most women, who feel as unsecure as ever.
Despite the police saying they have tightened security in the city, many women feel it is futile to be dependent on anyone, including the police, for their security and they have to be careful and take their own measures to feel safe in the city.
The safety of women late in the evenings continues to be an issue, with suspicious strangers and cars drawing up close if you are alone and waiting at a bus stop or walking on the street after 8 pm. Auto rickshaws play truant and refuse to take women passengers many times at night.
We spoke to a range of women on how safe they feel in the city, which earned the unflattering sobriquet of "rape capital" after the brutal gang-rape. Many women complained about being harassed at bus stops and inside buses. And travelling alone especially during the night becomes a nightmare.
"I travel by bus and after 7.30 pm. I rethink the decision to travel by bus every evening. I do not see any measures (for women`s safety) on the ground. I feel men have got more licence to eve-tease you," said Swechha Chettri, a software professional, who commutes by bus to her Noida office from South Delhi.
"Post the December 16 gang-rape, there have been so many rape incidents which keep re-instilling the fear in the minds of women who travel during late evenings," said Rishita Singh, a media professional.
Rishita, who works till late, says she has now become more suspicious of every man she comes across on the streets.
"They (men) are so fearless about staring at a woman`s bust. Even when you escape being raped, how does one escape this harassment, and where?" asked an angry Rishita.
Some women, however, do feel there has been a positive change with the administration being more alert and warnings and notices continuously put out.
"I do see a positive change. The public buses have an electronic scroll continuously relaying the phone numbers one can call in case of harassment, or there are public announcements in buses, on the radio - all the time. I have seen men quickly charge off when told to stand properly in a bus. Earlier, this was not the case," said Delhi University student Madhulika Sonkar.
Errant auto-rickshaw drivers are another issue that most women complain about when it comes to safety.
"Auto-wallahs refuse to give a ride to women passengers in the night or they charge unreasonable amounts. Just two days back a friend of mine had a harrowing time as she got late from work and all the autos refused to take her to her place," said Juhi Chaudhary, who writes on wildlife.
"Finally, my friend decided to walk some distance. There were many cars which kept on approaching her and she had to suffer a lot of lewd comments. It was only 9 pm and now she is scared to work beyond 8 pm," said Chaudhary.
Echoing similar views, Divya Joshi, who works with a public relations company, says auto drivers should be given strict warning if they refuse to take passengers and there has to be severe punishment if they say no to female commuters.
Post December 16, Delhi Police have become approachable as they have set up women help desks in all police stations across Delhi, but more needs to be done, they said.
"Police now have become more sensitive to women complainants but that does not lead to heinous crime from ending. Since the December 16 case, there have been many cases that have come out. I am always alert when I am traveling alone," said Sangeeta Verma, a homemaker.
"I think each one of us has to introspect where we are taking our society to and do we want our daughters, sisters, mothers and wives to live under continuous threat of being molested or eve teased," she said.
Many women expressed concerns about the safety of their daughters.
"I have a young schoolgoing daughter and I remain so worried till the time she is back. I have strictly instructed her not be lured by anyone, not eat anything from strangers," said Rama Devi, who works as a helper in a private office.
A sustained campaign to change mindsets - in homes, schools, among peer groups and in work places - is one of the options suggested which, women feel, can help in reducing crimes against women.
"There has to be swift and harsh punishment and far more police presence," said Sushmita Malaviya, who works with a NGO in Delhi.
A fast track court Tuesday convicted four men for the December 16, 2012, gang-rape. The victim subsequently died of her grave injuries.
Additional Sessions Judge Yogesh Khanna found the four men guilty under charges of gang rape, murder, attempt to murder the victim`s male friend, unnatural offences, destruction of evidence and dacoity among other offences.
The quantum of sentence will be announced on Wednesday, the judge said.
The nation recorded a staggering 1,036 rape cases in the first eight months of this year, according to police data. The figure is the highest in the last 10 years.