Indian pharma industry to be in global top 5 by 2020: Study

According to a study, India will emerge as a leading global player in pharmaceutical industry by 2020, securing a place among the top five major global markets.

Updated: Sep 13, 2011, 13:07 PM IST

Rajkot: According to a study, India will emerge as a leading global player in pharmaceutical industry by 2020, securing a place among the top five major global markets.

City-based Ikon Marketing Consultant (IMC), one of the leading marketing consulting firms in the country, has come out with a study on the pharma sector in India.

Describing the ongoing decade as a healthy one for pharma industry, Azaz Motiwala, IMC founder and principal consultant said the major driving factors in this decade are huge domestic demand and increased spending on drugs.

"The global pharma market is expected to grow at 7 percent to 8 percent over the next five years, reaching an anticipated US USD 1.7 trillion in 2020," Motiwala said, adding that India is going to rank among top ten global players by 2015 itself.

According to him, Indian consumer currently spends nearly one percent of his total income on drugs and pharmaceuticals, which will not alter significantly in the current decade.

"However, with the rise in the per capita income, the spending is going to be triple (approximately USD 33) by 2020," Motiwala said.

"Government's long term vision of making quality health care affordable, at least 50 percent of country's population should be covered by health insurance by 2020, against the current coverage of only 15 percent and the research indicates that the coverage should increase to 80 per cent within next ten years," he added.

By 2020, nearly 650 million people will have health insurance cover, while private insurance coverage will grow by nearly 15 percent annually till 2020, he said.

"By 2020, the Indian health care industry is estimated to be worth USD 275.6 billion and currently 8 percent of India's GDP is spent on health care, but the country needs to spend at least USD 80 billion more in the next five years to meet the targets," the research stated.

According to the study, in the current decade, the spread of diabetes will drive the growth of new therapies in India's pharmaceutical market and by 2020, the disease will assume greater proportions by rising six times. Diabetes presently affects around 50 million Indians, killing about 4 million annually and as per official statistics.

"Treatment for chronic diseases like asthma, cancer, diabetes, heart ailments, osteoporosis and kidney ailments will likely to constitute more than half of India's pharma market by the end of the decade," Motiwala said.

Five new areas, including patented products, consumer healthcare, biologics, vaccines and public health, will capture 45 percent of the market by the end of the decade to grow to a USD 14-18 billion industry by 2020.

Emerging sectors, such as bio pharmaceuticals, bio generics, bio similar and pharma packaging, are going to contribute significantly, the study says.

According to the study, metros and tier-1 markets, which have been growing at 14-15 percent in the last five years, will drive growth in the industry. They account for 60 percent of the Indian pharmaceutical market today and look set to continue growing to a market size at USD 33 billion by the end of the decade, Motiwala said.

Rural markets, on the other hand, will constitute 25 percent by 2020 up from 20 percent currently.