68 million Indians living in slums: Govt census
New Delhi: Approximately 68 million Indians are living in slums, according to a government census.
Releasing the first such census report on slum households prepared by the Registrar General of India, Union Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation Minister Ajay Maken today said that majority of them were located in Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.
Presenting the highlights of the report, Census Commissioner C Chandramouli said, "In all 1.73 crore census houses have been reported in houselisting blocks, categorised as slums in India, comprising 1.37 crore slum households."
He also noted that in 19 cities with million-plus population, 25 percent of households live in slums.
"A majority-71 percent- of these are located in six states of Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, west Bengal, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh," Chandramouli said.
90 percent of slum households use electricity, 70 percent slum households have television, 72.7 percent have telephone facility while 10.4 percent households have computer or laptop in their house.
Maken said, "In 2001, there were 23.5 percent of households in urban areas which were living in slums. It has now come down to 17.4 percent. But there are still 17.35 million slum houses, 13.74 million slum households and we have 68 million people living in the slum areas as 2011 census."
The slum household census report says that 74 percent of these households use tap as the main source of drinking water followed by hand pump ortube which is used by 20.3 percent.
66 percent households have toilet facility within the premises, but 18.9 percent slum households defecate in open and 15.1 percent use public facilities, according to the report on 'Housing Stock, Amenities And Assets in Slums Based on House Listing And Housing Census'.
Ten places in the country also claimed to be 'all-slum towns'.
Interestingly, 90 percent of slum households use electricity as the main source of lighting and 8.2 percent used Kerosene. Only 0.5 percent households have no lighting in the slum areas.
Also, 70 percent slum households have television in their houses for entertainment while 18.7 percent possess radio and transistors.
Also 10.4 percent households have computer or laptop in their house, out of which 3.3 percent have internet connection as against 9.3 percent in non-slum areas.
Telephone facilities are availed by 72.7 percent slum households, out of which 4.4 percent have land line connection, 63.5 percent mobile and 4.8 percent have both. In non-slum areas this percentage is 83.9.
10 places in the country also claimed to be 'all-slum towns', out of which five exist in Jammu and Kashmir. These towns with a population of around 4000-5000 are Magam, Berwah, Hajan, Quimoh and Frisal in J&K.
UP has reported to have three all-slum towns at Ugu, Safipur and Nyotine. West Bengal and Sikkim have claimed to have one all-slum towns.
Chandramouli also said that the data has been prepared by the RGI on a survey conducted in the Statutory Towns only having a municipial corporation or a similar body.