Delhi sees 16% rise in per capita income
New Delhi: The per capita annual income in the national capital has increased by nearly 16 percent to Rs 2.01 lakh in 2012-13 compared to the previous fiscal, which is three times the national average and second highest in the country.
The per capita income of people in Delhi at current prices without factoring in inflation has been estimated at Rs 2,01,083 which is a rise of Rs 27,397 from Rs 1,73,686 in 2011-12, according to Economic Survey tabled on Tuesday in Delhi Assembly. The national average has been worked out at Rs 61,564.
On the basis of constant prices, the per capita income for 2012-13 was estimated at Rs 1,20,414, a jump of Rs 7,788 compared to Rs 1,12,626 the previous fiscal. The national average was estimated at Rs 39,143 against Rs 38,037 in 2011-12. The data has been reached as per advanced estimate.
"The per capita income reflects the availability of ample employment opportunity in the city and satisfaction level of the residents," Chief Minister Sheila Dikshit who presented the economic survey said.
As per the economic survey, gross state domestic product at current prices has increased to Rs 3.65 lakh crore in 2012-13 which is a growth of 17.70 percent over the Rs 3.10 lakh crore in 2011-12.
"The advanced estimate of gross state domestic product of Delhi during 2012-13 recorded at Rs 3,65,726 crore," the survey report said.
At constant prices, the gross state domestic product for 2012-13 was recorded at Rs 2.20 lakh crore as against 2.02 lakh crore in 2011-12.
The survey said Delhi government's outstanding debt has reduced from Rs 30,140 crore in 2010-11 to 28,308 crore in 2012-13.
The fiscal deficit of Delhi government was Rs 2,545 crore in 2011-12, which is 0.82 percent of GSDP as compared to estimated fiscal deficit of 5.5 percent of the Government of India during the same year.
The survey said the annual plan outlay of Delhi has increased from Rs 9,000 crore in 2007-08 to Rs 15,000 crore in 2012-13. The plan outlay for 12th Five Year Plan of Delhi has been fixed at Rs 90,000 crore as against Rs 54,799 crore in 11th Five Year Plan.
As per the survey, the decennial population growth of Delhi during 2001-2011 was recorded as 20.96 percent as compared to around 50 percent in each decade between 1961 and 1991 and 47 percent between 1991 and 2001. The population of Delhi as on March 2011 was recorded at 167.53 lakh.
The sex ratio has improved from 821 in 2001 to 866 in 2011.
The density of population has increased from 9,340 persons per square km in 2001 to 11,297 persons per sq km in 2011.
According to the survey, the literacy rate has increased from 81.67 percent in 2001 to 86.34 per cent in 2011. The urban population of Delhi increased from 93.18 percent in 2001 to 97.50 percent in 2011.
It said New Delhi and Central Delhi districts have 100 percent urban population. The birth rate as per civil registration system has decreased from 21.3 per thousand of population in 2001 to 20.98 in 2011.
As per the survey, Delhi government provided a total of Rs 6,582 crore during the period 2006-11 to the local bodies as compared to 1,625 crore during 1996-2001.
About greenery, the survey said the green cover in Delhi has increased from 26 sq km in 1997 to 299 sq km in 2009.
The total cropped area reduced from 52,816 hectares in 2000-01 to 35,178 hectares in 2012-13. The net area shown has reduced from 34,034 hectares in 2000-01 to 23,118 hectares in 2012-13, the survey said.
The net area irrigated has reduced from 24,230 hectares in 2005-06 to 21,786 hectares in 2011-12.