IMF flags decelerating pace of reforms in India; lists six areas for further reforms
Listing out as many as six core areas that need further reforms in India, IMF has warned that headwinds from weaknesses in the country's corporate and bank balance sheets, decelerating pace of reforms and sluggish exports may weigh on its economic growth.
Beijing: Listing out as many as six core areas that need further reforms in India, IMF has warned that headwinds from weaknesses in the country's corporate and bank balance sheets, decelerating pace of reforms and sluggish exports may weigh on its economic growth.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF), which recently lowered its GDP growth projection for India to 7.4 percent in the current fiscal, said the country's "economy is on a recovery path, helped by lower oil prices, positive policy actions and improved confidence".
"But headwinds from weaknesses in India's corporate and bank balance sheets, a decelerating pace of reforms, and sluggish exports will weigh on growth," the multilateral institution said in a 'Note on Global Prospects and Policy Challenges'.
The note has been prepared for the two-day meeting, ending today, of the G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors' Meetings being held in Chengdu, China.
IMF, which has also lowered its global economic growth forecast for 2016 and 2017 by a marginal 0.1 percent to 3.1 and 3.4 percent respectively, recommended six 'reform priorities' for India, which is higher than the same for several other emerging markets including China, Brazil and South Africa.
The key areas where IMF has recommended further reforms for India include product market, labour, infrastructure, banking, legal system and property rights, and fiscal structural reforms.
Out of total nine 'reform priorities' taken under consideration by IMF for various countries, India has been found to have done well on three -- innovation, capital market development and trade/FDI liberalisation.
In case of China and South Africa, IMF has recommended further reforms in five key areas each, while it is higher at seven for Russia. For Brazil, IMF has sought reforms in just three core areas.
Among advanced economies, the IMF Note recommends further reforms in five core areas each for the US and the UK.
The IMF further warned there is a risk that emerging economies do not reduce vulnerabilities and rebuild buffers sufficiently before capital flow reversals materialise.
Stating that corporate leverage has increased significantly in some emerging economies, including India, in domestic and foreign currency against the background of ample global liquidity, IMF said a strong pullback of capital flows to emerging economies could tighten financial conditions and weaken their currencies.
This may lead to a possibility of significant adverse corporate balance sheet effects and funding challenges, and significant repercussions for banking systems, it added.
It further said, "The quality of fiscal consolidation in India should be improved through a comprehensive tax reform (such as introducing the goods and services tax and improving tax administration) and measures to further reduce subsidies.
"With shrinking fiscal buffers, many commodity exporters need to develop new growth models and tackle fiscal adjustment including through reduced but more efficient public expenditures, stronger fiscal frameworks, and mobilising new sources of revenues."
It opined that emerging economies can continue to be a strong locomotive of global economic and trade growth through well-sequenced structural reforms, if vulnerabilities are addressed.
About India, the IMF also said further steps to relax long-standing supply bottlenecks (especially in the energy, mining, and power sectors) as well as labour market reforms, are crucial to achieving faster and more inclusive growth.
On its recommendations for emerging market economies, IMF listed out "focus on raising public investment efficiency" and strengthening the framework for contract enforcement for countries like India.
Besides, "implementing further subsidy and social spending reforms would create policy space to support other supply-side reforms" in India and some other countries, it added.
"Where policy space is limited, adjusting the composition of fiscal policy can create space to support reforms," the IMF said while talking about India, Russia, Argentina and Mexico.
It also said potential gains from improving the quality and efficiency of public investment could be substantial for India, Saudi Arabia, and South Africa.
"Improvements could come from ongoing project oversight and reviews, and greater use of public-private partnerships. Improving land acquisition laws (for example in India) can stimulate private spending on infrastructure at little to no fiscal cost," it added.
"Brazil, India, and Indonesia can realize large potential gains within their tighter budgetary constraints by reducing tariffs, lifting domestic content requirements, and pursuing preferential trade agreements," IMF said.
"By enforcing laws against gender discrimination and improving child care facilities, India and Saudi Arabia could take much better advantage of favorable demographics to boost female labor force participation and demand without straining the budget," it added.