India to build world's largest fridge to house fusion reactor
Indian engineers will fabricate the world's largest high-vacuum cold storage vessel for an ambitious international project to generate energy from a process that powers the sun.
New Delhi: Indian engineers will fabricate the world's largest high-vacuum cold storage vessel for an ambitious international project to generate energy from a process that powers the sun.
The vessel called the cryostat will be home to the International Thermornuclear Experimental Reactor, the largest and the most advanced facility of its kind being built in Cadarache, France.
Scientists and engineers at the Institute of Plasma Research (IPR), Gandhinagar will manufacture this mammoth cryostat in segments at a cost of 100 million euros and ship it to France for being assembled at the site.
India is part of a seven nation consortium that is building the fusion reactor designed to produce 500 MW of output electricity with a power input of 50 MW.
ITER-India Project, a part of the IPR -- an autonomous unit of the Department of Atomic Energy, will make the 'in-kind' contributions that form India's share to the ITER project.
The procurement arrangement for the cryostat was signed recently by ITER-India.
"The cryostat is very crucial to the ITER experiment.It houses the fusion reactor in its entirety, including support to all internal systems," Shishir Deshpande, Project Director, ITER-India, said.