Jobs up by 7.8%, wages by 18.1% in 2010-11: Survey
New Delhi: The number of jobs in industries increased by 7.8 percent while wages rose by 18.1 percent in real terms in 2010-11, a government survey has said.
Total persons engaged in different industries were 1.27 crore in 2010-11 compared to 1.17 crore in 2009-10, according to the Annual Industries Survey released by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation on Monday.
In current prices, salaries jumped by 24.8 percent in 2010-12, while in real terms, wages rose by 18.1 percent, the survey said.
The sample size of the survey was 61,573 which represent 27 percent of workforce in all the industries registered under Factories Act, 1948, and Bidi and Cigar Workers (Conditions & Employment) Act, 1966.
Among the industries, 'food products' (production units) generated the highest employment of 12.2 percent followed by textile units at 11.5 percent and basic metals at 8 percent.
Tamil Nadu was leading state in providing employment with 15.4 percent share, followed by Maharashtra at 13.4 percent, Andhra Pradesh at 10.3 percent and Gujarat at 10.1 percent.
According to the survey, in terms of emoluments or compensation to employees, 'basic metals' units have the highest share of 11.2 percent followed by machinery and equipment at 8.3 percent and motor vehicles and trailers at 8 percent.
Total number of factories were 2,11,660 in 2010-11, higher than 1,58,877 factories in 2009-10, the survey said.
At all India level, the fixed capital in current prices grew by 19 percent in 2010-11 against 28 percent growth in the last year.
At constant prices, the growth in fixed capital was 12.5 percent in 2010-11 against 25 percent in the previous year.
The highest fixed capital is observed in basic metal industry at 21.7 percent followed by coke and refined petroleum products units at 9.6 percent.
At state level, Gujarat has the highest fixed capital share of 17 percent followed by Maharashtra at 14.5 percent, Andhra Pradesh at 10 percent and Tamil Nadu at 9.2 percent.
A factory with an average investment of Rs 7.6 crore in fixed capital provided gainful employment to 60 persons, produced goods and services at ex-factory prices worth Rs 22.14 crore and contributed Rs 3.37 crore to the national income by adding net value, the survey said.