‘Poorest of poor survive on Rs 17 a day in villages’
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‘Poorest of poor survive on Rs 17 a day in villages’

Last Updated: Thursday, June 20, 2013, 19:51
 
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‘Poorest of poor survive on Rs 17 a day in villages’
New Delhi: Poorest of poor in the country survive on barely Rs 17 per day in villages and Rs 23 a day in cities, as per the latest data released by the National Sample Survey Office Thursday.

According to the data, which relates to 2011-12 (July-June), five percent population on the bottom rung had an average monthly per capita expenditure (MCPE) of Rs 521.44 in rural areas and Rs 700.50 in urban areas.

On the other end of the spectrum, top five percent of the population had an MPCE of Rs 4,481 in rural areas and Rs 10,282 in urban areas.

The National Sample Survey Office's (NSSO) 68th round of survey is based on samples consisting of 7,496 villages in rural India and 5,263 urban blocks except some remote areas, during July 2011?June 2012, the release said.

On an average on the all-India basis, MPCE was around Rs 1,430 for rural India and about Rs 2,630 for urban India.

"Thus average urban MPCE was about 84 percent higher than average rural MPCE for the country as a whole, though there were wide variations in this differential across states," it said.

For the average rural Indian, food accounted for 52.9 percent of the value of consumption during 2011-12. This included 10.8 percent for cereals and cereal substitutes, 8 percent for milk and milk products, 7.9 percent on beverages, refreshments and processed food, and 6.6 percent on vegetables, the release said.

Among non-food item categories, fuel and light for household purposes (excluding transportation) accounted for 8 percent, clothing and footwear 7 percent, medical expenses 6.7 percent, education 3.5 percent, conveyance 4.2 percent, other consumer services (excluding conveyance) 4 percent, and consumer durables 4.5 percent.

For the average urban Indian, 42.6 percent of the value of household consumption was accounted for food, including 9 percent by beverages, refreshments and processed food, 7 percent by milk and milk products, and 6.7 percent by cereals and cereal substitutes.

Education accounted for 6.9 percent, fuel and light 6.7 percent, conveyance 6.5 percent, and clothing and footwear 6.4 percent.

The data is amongst the most important measures of the level of living and are crucial inputs for estimation of prevalence of poverty by the Planning Commission.

These indicators by the NSSO are amongst the most important measures of the level of living of the people and are crucial inputs for estimation of prevalence of poverty by the Planning Commission.

For the average urban Indian, 42.6 percent of the value of household consumption was accounted for food, including 9 percent by beverages, refreshments and processed food, 7 percent by milk and milk products, and 6.7 percent by cereals and cereal substitutes.

Education accounted for 6.9 percent, fuel and light 6.7 percent, conveyance 6.5 percent, and clothing and footwear 6.4 percent.

The data is amongst the most important measures of the level of living and are crucial inputs for estimation of prevalence of poverty by the Planning Commission.

These indicators by the NSSO are amongst the most important measures of the level of living of the people and are crucial inputs for estimation of prevalence of poverty by the Planning Commission.

Meanwhile, the all-India estimate of average Monthly Per Capita Expenditure (MPCE) was around Rs 1,430 for rural India and about Rs 2,630 for urban India, National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) said.

The average urban MPCE was about 84 percent higher than average rural MPCE for the country as a whole, though there were wide variations in this differential across states, it said.

The NSS consumer expenditure survey aims at generating estimates of household and its distribution, separately for states and other socio-economic groups.

The survey said only about 10 percent of the rural population reported household MPCE above Rs 2,296 and merely 5 percent above Rs 2,886.

It also said only about 10 percent of the urban population reported household MPCE above Rs 4,610 and merely 5 percent reported MPCE above Rs 6,383.

At the all-India level, average wages received by regular wage and salaried employees was Rs 396 per day which was Rs 299 in rural areas and Rs 450 in urban areas, it said.

In rural areas, wages received per day by a regular wage salaried employee was Rs 322 for males and Rs 202 for females, indicating female-male wage ratio as 0.63, it said.

In urban areas, it was Rs 470 for males and Rs 366 for females, indicating the female-male wage ratio as 0.78, the survey said.

PTI


First Published: Thursday, June 20, 2013, 17:57


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