Union Budget 2016 HIGHLIGHTS: Home buyers to get Rs 50,000 more deduction on interest; no change in income tax slabs

First time home buyers will get a deduction of an additional interest of Rs 50,000 per annum for loan upto Rs 35 lakh, during 2016-17, provided the house value does not exceed Rs 50 lakh.

Last Updated: Mar 01, 2016, 00:47 AM IST
Union Budget 2016 HIGHLIGHTS: Home buyers to get Rs 50,000 more deduction on interest; no change in income tax slabs

Zee Media Bureau

New Delhi: The Budget for financial year 2016-17, presented by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley in Parliament on Monday offered sops for small and marginal income tax payers.

However, this year too, Finance Minster has made no change in personal Income Tax slabs.

In relief to small tax payers, the Budget proposes to raise the ceiling of tax rebate under Section 87(A) from Rs 2000 to Rs 3000 for incomes not exceeding Rs 5 lakh per annum. There are two crore tax payers in this category who would get a relief of Rs 3000 in their tax liability.

Those who do not have house of their own and do not get house rent allowance from employers will get a deduction of Rs 60,000 per year as against existing Rs 24,000.

First time home buyers will get a deduction of an additional interest of Rs 50,000 per annum for loan upto Rs 35 lakh, during 2016-17, provided the house value does not exceed Rs 50 lakh.

 

The Budget also proposes to extend the presumptive taxation scheme to professionals with gross receipt up to Rs 50 lakh with the presumption of profit being half of the gross receipt.

Cigarette and tobacco products will become costlier with the hike in excise duty by 10 to 15 percent.

Key Highlights of Union Budget 2016

RELIEF TO SMALL TAX PAYERS CORPORATE TAX PROPOSALS MAKE IN INDIA
MOVING TOWARDS A PENSIONED SOCIETY PROMOTING AFFORDABLE HOUSING RESOURCE MOBILIZATION FOR AGRICULTURE, RURAL ECONOMY AND CLEAN ENVIRONMENT
PROVIDING CERTAINITY IN TAXATION SIMPLIFICATION AND RATIONALIZATION OF TAXES BOOST EMPLOYMENT AND GROWTH
TECHNOLOGY FOR ACCOUNTABILITY FISCAL DISCIPLINE CHALLENGES
CHALLENGES IN 2016-17 ROADMAP & PRIORITIES AGRICULTURE AND FARMERS’ WELFARE
RURAL SECTOR SOCIAL SECTOR INCLUDING HEALTH CARE EDUCATION, SKILLS AND JOB CREATION
SKILL DEVELOPMENT JOB CREATION INFRASTRUCTURE AND INVESTMENT
FINANCIAL SECTOR REFORMS GOVERNANCE AND EASE OF DOING BUSINESS  

RELIEF TO SMALL TAX PAYERS

RELIEF TO SMALL TAX PAYERS

-Raise the ceiling of tax rebate under section 87A from Rs 2000 to Rs 5000 to lessen tax burden on individuals with income upto Rs 5 laks.

-Increase the limit of deduction of rent paid under section 80GG from Rs 24000  per annum to Rs 60000,  to provide relief to those who live in rented houses.

CORPORATE TAX RATE PROPOSALS

Corporate Tax rate proposals

-New manufacturing companies incorporated on or after 1.3.2016 to be given an option to be taxed at 25% + surcharge and cess provided they do not claim profit linked or investment linked deductions and do not avail of investment allowance and accelerated depreciation.

-Lower  the  corporate  tax  rate  for  the  next  financial  year  for relatively small enterprises i.e companies with turnover not exceeding Rs 5 crore (in the financial year ending  March 2015), to 29% plus surcharge and cess.

-100% deduction of profits for 3 out of 5 years for startups setup during April, 2016 to March, 2019. MAT will apply in such cases.

-10% rate  of  tax  on  income from  worldwide exploitation of  patents developed and registered in India by a resident.

-Complete pass through of income-tax to securitization trusts including trusts of ARCs. Securitisation trusts required to deduct tax at source.

-Period for getting benefit of long term capital gain regime in case of unlisted companies is proposed to be reduced from three to two years.

-Non-banking financial companies shall be eligible for deduction to the extent of 5% of its income in respect of provision for bad and doubtful debts.

-Determination of residency of foreign company on the basis of Place of

-Effective Management (POEM) is proposed to be deferred by one year.

-Commitment to implement General Anti Avoidance Rules (GAAR) from 1.4.2017.

-Exemption  of  service  tax  on  services  provided  under  Deen  Dayal Upadhyay Grameen Kaushalya Yojana and services provided by Assessing Bodies empanelled by Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship.

-Exemption of Service tax on general insurance services provided under

-‘Niramaya’ Health Insurance Scheme launched by National Trust for the Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disability.

-Basic custom and excise duty on refrigerated containers reduced to 5% and 6%.

 

MAKE IN INDIA

MAKE IN INDIA

-Changes in customs and excise duty rates on certain inputs to reduce costs and improve competitiveness of domestic industry in sectors like Information technology hardware, capital goods, defence production, textiles,  mineral  fuels  &  mineral  oils,  chemicals  &  petrochemicals, paper, paperboard & newsprint, Maintenance repair and overhauling [MRO] of aircrafts and ship repair.

MOVING TOWARDS A PENSIONED SOCIETY

MOVING TOWARDS A PENSIONED SOCIETY

-Withdrawal up to 40% of the corpus at the time of retirement to be tax exempt in the case of National Pension Scheme (NPS). Annuity fund which goes to legal heir will not be taxable.

-In  case  of  superannuation  funds  and  recognized  provident  funds, including EPF, the same norm of 40% of corpus to be tax free will apply in respect of corpus created out of contributions made  on or from 1.4.2016.

-Limit   for   contribution  of   employer  in   recognized  Provident  and Superannuation Fund of Rs 1.5 lakh per annum for taking tax benefit. Exemption from service tax for Annuity services provided by NPS and Services provided by EPFO to employees.

-Reduce service tax on Single premium Annuity (Insurance) Policies from

-3.5% to 1.4% of the premium paid in certain cases.

 

PROMOTING AFFORDABLE HOUSING

PROMOTING AFFORDABLE HOUSING

-100% deduction for profits to an undertaking in housing project for flats upto 30 sq. metres in four metro cities and 60 sq. metres in other cities, approved during June 2016 to March 2019 and completed in three years. MAT to apply.

-Deduction for additional interest of Rs 50,000 per annum for loans up to Rs 35  lakh sanctioned in 2016-17 for first time home buyers, where house cost does not exceed Rs 50 lakh.

-Distribution made out of income of SPV to the REITs and INVITs having specified shareholding will not be subjected to Dividend Distribution Tax, in respect of dividend distributed after the specified date.

-Exemption from service tax on construction of affordable houses up to 60   square   metres   under   any   scheme   of   the   Central   or   State Government including PPP Schemes.

-Extend  excise  duty  exemption,  presently  available  to  Concrete  Mix manufactured at site for use in construction work to Ready Mix Concrete.

RESOURCE  MOBILIZATION  FOR   AGRICULTURE,  RURAL  ECONOMY  AND CLEAN ENVIRONMENT

RESOURCE  MOBILIZATION  FOR   AGRICULTURE,  RURAL  ECONOMY  AND CLEAN ENVIRONMENT

-Additional tax at the rate of 10% of gross amount of dividend will be payable by  the recipients receiving dividend in excess of Rs 10 lakh per annum.

-Surcharge  to  be  raised  from  12%  to  15%  on  persons,  other  than companies, firms and cooperative societies having income above Rs 1 crore.

-Tax to be deducted at source at the rate of 1 % on purchase of luxury cars exceeding value of Rs  ten lakh and purchase of goods and services in cash exceeding Rs two lakh.

-Securities  Transaction  tax  in  case  of  ‘Options’  is  proposed  to  be increased from .017% to .05%.

-Equalization levy of 6% of gross amount for payment made to non-residents exceeding Rs 1 lakh a year in case of B2B transactions.

-Krishi Kalyan Cess, @ 0.5% on all taxable services, w.e.f. 1 June 2016. Proceeds would be exclusively used for financing initiatives for improvement of agriculture and welfare of farmers.  Input tax credit of this cess will be available for payment of this cess.

-Infrastructure cess, of 1% on small petrol, LPG, CNG cars, 2.5% on diesel cars of certain capacity and 4% on other higher engine capacity vehicles
and SUVs.  No credit of this cess will be available nor credit of any other tax or duty be utilized for paying this cess.

-Excise duty of ‘1% without input tax credit or 12.5% with input tax credit’ on articles of jewellery [excluding silver jewellery, other than studded with diamonds and some other precious stones], with a higher exemption  and   eligibility  limits  of Rs 6   crores  and Rs 12   crores respectively.

-Excise on readymade garments with retail price of Rs 1000 or more raised to 2% without input tax credit or 12.5% with input tax credit.

-‘Clean Energy Cess’ levied on coal, lignite and peat renamed to ‘Clean Environment Cess’ and rate increased from `200 per tonne to Rs 400 per tonne.

-Excise duties on various tobacco products other than beedi raised by about 10 to 15%.

-Assignment of right to use the spectrum and its transfers has been deducted as a service leviable to service tax and not sale of intangible goods.

 

PROVIDING CERTAINITY IN TAXATION

PROVIDING CERTAINITY IN TAXATION

-Committed to providing a stable and predictable taxation regime and reduce black money.

-Domestic taxpayers can declare undisclosed income or  such income represented  in  the  form  of  any  asset  by  paying  tax  at  30%,  and surcharge at 7.5% and penalty at 7.5%, which is a total of 45% of the undisclosed income. Declarants will have immunity from prosecution.

-Surcharge levied at 7.5% of undisclosed income will be called Krishi Kalyan surcharge to be used for agriculture and rural economy.

-New  Dispute  Resolution  Scheme  to  be  introduced.  No  penalty  in respect of cases with disputed tax up to Rs 10 lakh. Cases with disputed tax exceeding Rs 10 lakh to be subjected to 25% of the minimum of the imposable penalty. Any pending appeal against a penalty order can also be settled by paying 25% of the minimum of the imposable penalty and tax interest on quantum addition.

-High Level Committee chaired by Revenue Secretary to oversee fresh cases where assessing officer applies the retrospective amendment.

-One-time  scheme  of  Dispute  Resolution  for  ongoing  cases  under retrospective amendment.

-Penalty rates to be 50% of tax in case of underreporting of income and 200% of tax where there is misreporting of facts.

-Disallowance will be limited to 1% of the average monthly value of investments yielding exempt income, but not exceeding the actual expenditure claimed under rule 8D of Section 14A of Income Tax Act.

-Time limit of one year for disposing petitions of the tax payers seeking waiver of interest and penalty.

-Mandatory for the assessing officer to grant stay of demand once the assesse pays 15% of the disputed demand, while the appeal is pending before Commissioner of Income-tax (Appeals).

-Monetary limit for deciding an appeal by a single member Bench of ITAT enhanced from ` 15 lakhs to ` 50 lakhs.

-11 new benches of Customs, Excise and Service Tax Appellate Tribunal (CESTAT).

 

SIMPLIFICATION AND RATIONALIZATION OF TAXES

SIMPLIFICATION AND RATIONALIZATION OF TAXES

-13 cesses, levied by various Ministries in which revenue collection is less than Rs 50 crore in a year to be abolished.

-For non-residents providing alternative documents to PAN card, higher TDS not to apply.

-Revision of return extended to Central Excise assesses.

-Additional  options  to  banking  companies  and  financial  institutions, including NBFCs, for reversal of input tax credits with respect to non- taxable services.

-Customs Act to provide for deferred payment of customs duties for importers and exporters with proven track record.

-Customs Single Window Project to be implemented at major ports and airports starting from beginning of next financial year.

-Increase in free baggage allowance for international passengers. Filing of baggage only for those carrying dutiable goods.

 

BOOST EMPLOYMENT AND GROWTH

BOOST EMPLOYMENT AND GROWTH

-Increase the turnover limit under Presumptive taxation scheme under section 44AD of the Income Tax Act to Rs 2 crores to bring big relief to a large number of assessees in the MSME category.

-Extend the presumptive taxation scheme with profit deemed to be 50%, to professionals with gross receipts up to Rs 50 lakh.

-Phasing out deduction under Income Tax:

-Accelerated  depreciation  wherever  provided  in  IT  Act  will  be limited to maximum 40% from 1.4.2017

-Benefit of deductions for Research would be limited to 150% from 1.4.2017 and 100% from 1.4.2020

-Benefit of section 10AA to new SEZ units will be available to those units which commence activity before 31.3.2020.

-The weighted deduction under section 35CCD for skill development will continue up to 1.4.2020

 

TECHNOLOGY FOR ACCOUNTABILITY

TECHNOLOGY FOR ACCOUNTABILITY

-Expansion in the scope of e-assessments to all assessees in 7 mega cities in the coming years.

-Interest at the rate of 9% p.a against normal rate of 6% p.a for delay in giving effect to Appellate order beyond ninety days.

-‘e-Sahyog’ to be expanded to reduce compliance cost, especially for small taxpayers.

FISCAL DISCIPLINE

FISCAL DISCIPLINE

- Fiscal deficit in RE 2015-16 and BE 2016-17 retained at 3.9% and 3.5%.

-Revenue Deficit target from 2.8% to 2.5% in RE 2015-16

-Total expenditure projected at Rs 19.78 lakh crore

-Plan expenditure pegged at Rs 5.50 lakh crore under Plan, increase of 15.3%

-Non-Plan expenditure kept at Rs 14.28 lakh crores

-Special emphasis to sectors such as agriculture, irrigation, social sector including health, women and child development, welfare of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, minorities, infrastructure.

-Mobilisation of additional finances to the extent of Rs 31,300 crore by NHAI, PFC, REC, IREDA, NABARD and Inland Water Authority by raising Bonds.

-Plan / Non-Plan classification to be done away with from 2017-18.

-Every new scheme sanctioned will have a sunset date and outcome review.

-Rationalised and restructured more than 1500 Central Plan Schemes into about 300 Central Sector and 30 Centrally Sponsored Schemes.

-Committee to review the implementation of the FRBM Act.

 

Challenges

Challenges

-Growth of Economy accelerated to 7.6% in 2015-16.

-India hailed as a ‘bright spot’ amidst a slowing global economy by IMF.

-Robust growth achieved despite very unfavourable global conditions and two consecutive years shortfall in monsoon by 13%

-Foreign exchange reserves touched highest ever level  of  about 350 billion US dollars.

-Despite increased devolution to States by 55% as a result of the 14th Finance Commission award, plan expenditure increased at RE stage in 2015-16 – in contrast to earlier years.

CHALLENGES IN 2016-17

CHALLENGES IN 2016-17

-Risks of further global slowdown and turbulence.

-Additional fiscal burden due to 7th Central Pay Commission recommendations and OROP.

ROADMAP & PRIORITIES

ROADMAP & PRIORITIES

-'Transform India' to have a significant impact on economy and lives of people.

-Government to focus on-

ensuring macro-economic stability and prudent fiscal management.

boosting on domestic demand

continuing with the pace of economic reforms and policy initiatives to change the lives of our people for the better.

-Focus on enhancing expenditure in priority areas of - farm and rural sector, social sector, infrastructure sector employment generation and recapitalisation of the banks.

-Focus on Vulnerable sections through:

Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana

New health insurance scheme to protect against  hospitalisation expenditure

Facility of cooking gas connection for BPL families

-Continue with the ongoing reform programme and ensure  passage of the Goods and Service Tax bill and Insolvency and Bankruptcy law

-Undertake important reforms by:

Giving a statutory backing to AADHAR platform to ensure benefits reach the deserving.

Freeing the transport sector from constraints and restrictions

Incentivising gas discovery  and  exploration by providing calibrated marketing freedom

Enactment of  a comprehensive law to deal with resolution of financial firms

Provide legal framework for dispute resolution and re-negotiations in PPP projects and public utility contracts

Undertake important banking sector reforms and public listing  of general insurance companies undertake significant changes in FDI policy.

 

 

AGRICULTURE AND FARMERS’ WELFARE

AGRICULTURE AND FARMERS’ WELFARE

-Allocation for Agriculture and Farmers’ welfare is  Rs 35,984 crore

-‘Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana’ to be implemented in mission mode. 28.5 lakh hectares will be brought under irrigation.

-Implementation of  89 irrigation projects under AIBP,  which  are languishing for a long time, will be fast tracked

-A dedicated Long Term Irrigation Fund will be created in NABARD with an initial corpus of about Rs 20,000 crore

-Programme for  sustainable management of  ground water resources with an estimated cost of  Rs 6,000 crore will be implemented through multilateral funding

-5 lakh farm ponds and dug wells in rain fed areas and 10 lakh compost pits for production of organic manure will be taken up under MGNREGA

-Soil Health Card scheme will cover all 14 crore farm holdings by March 2017.

-2,000 model retail outlets of Fertilizer companies will be provided with soil and seed testing facilities during the next three years

-Promote organic farming through ‘Parmparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana’ and 'Organic Value Chain Development in North East Region'.

-Unified Agricultural Marketing ePlatform to provide a common e- market platform for wholesale markets

-Allocation under Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana increased to Rs 19,000 crore. Will connect  remaining 65,000 eligible habitations by 2019.

-To reduce the burden of loan repayment on farmers, a provision of  Rs 15,000 crore has been  made  in the BE 2016-17 towards interest subvention

-Allocation under Prime Minister Fasal Bima Yojana Rs 5,500 crore.

-Rs 850 crore for four dairying projects - ‘Pashudhan Sanjivani’, ‘Nakul Swasthya Patra’, ‘E-Pashudhan Haat’ and National Genomic Centre for indigenous breeds

 

RURAL SECTOR

RURAL SECTOR

-Allocation for rural sector - Rs 87,765 crore.

-Rs 2.87 lakh crore will be given as Grant in Aid to Gram Panchayats and Municipalities as per the recommendations of the 14th Finance Commission

-Every block under drought and rural distress will be taken up as an intensive Block under the Deen Dayal Antyodaya Mission

-A sum of  Rs 38,500 crore allocated for MGNREGS.

-300 Rurban Clusters will be developed under the Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Rurban Mission

-100% village electrification by 1st May, 2018.

-District Level Committees under Chairmanship of senior most Lok Sabha MP from the district for monitoring and implementation of designated Central Sector and Centrally Sponsored Schemes.

-Priority allocation from Centrally Sponsored Schemes to be made to reward villages that have become free from open defecation.

-A new Digital Literacy Mission Scheme for rural India to cover around 6 crore additional household within the next 3 years.

-National Land Record Modernisation Programme has been revamped.

-New scheme Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan proposed with allocation of  Rs 655 crore.

SOCIAL SECTOR INCLUDING HEALTH CARE

SOCIAL SECTOR INCLUDING HEALTH CARE

-Allocation  for  social  sector  including  education  and  health  care  –Rs 1,51,581 crore.

-Rs 2,000 crore allocated for initial cost of providing LPG connections to BPL families.

-New health protection scheme will provide health cover up to ` One lakh per family. For senior citizens an additional top-up package up to 30,000 will be provided.

-3,000  Stores  under  Prime  Minister’s  Jan  Aushadhi  Yojana  will  be opened during 2016-17.

-‘National Dialysis Services Programme’ to be started under National Health Mission through PPP mode

-“Stand Up India Scheme” to facilitate at least two projects per bank branch. This will benefit at least 2.5 lakh entrepreneurs.

-National Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe Hub to be set up in partnership with industry associations

-Allocation of  Rs 100 crore each for celebrating the Birth Centenary of Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay and the 350th  Birth Anniversary of Guru Gobind Singh.

EDUCATION, SKILLS AND JOB CREATION

EDUCATION, SKILLS AND JOB CREATION

-62 new Navodaya Vidyalayas will be opened

-Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan to increasing focus on quality of education

-Regulatory architecture to be provided to ten public and ten private institutions to emerge as world-class Teaching and Research Institutions

-Higher Education Financing Agency to be set-up with initial capital base of  Rs 1000 Crores

-Digital Depository for School Leaving Certificates, College Degrees, Academic Awards and Mark sheets to be set-up.

 

SKILL DEVELOPMENT

SKILL DEVELOPMENT

-Allocation for skill development – Rs 1804. crore.

-1500 Multi Skill Training Institutes to be set-up.

-National  Board  for  Skill  Development  Certification  to  be  setup partnership with the industry and academia.

-Entrepreneurship Education and Training through Massive Open Online Courses

JOB CREATION

JOB CREATION

-GoI will pay contribution of 8.33% for of all new employees enrolling in EPFO for the first three years of their employment. Budget provision of Rs 1000 crore for this scheme.

-Deduction under Section 80JJAA of the Income Tax Act will be available to all assesses who are subject to statutory audit under the Act

-100 Model Career Centres to operational by the end of 2016-17 under National Career Service.

-Model Shops and Establishments Bill to be circulated to States.

INFRASTRUCTURE AND INVESTMENT

INFRASTRUCTURE AND INVESTMENT

-Total investment in the road sector, including PMGSY allocation, would be ` 97,000 crore during 2016-17.

-India’s highest ever kilometres of new highways were awarded in 2015.

-To approve nearly 10,000 kms of National Highways in 2016-17.

-Allocation of  Rs 55,000  crore  in  the  Budget  for  Roads.  Additional  Rs 15,000 crore to be raised by NHAI through bonds.

-Total outlay for infrastructure - Rs 2,21,246 crore.

-Amendments to be made in Motor Vehicles Act to open up the road transport sector in the passenger segment

-Action plan  for  revival of  unserved and  underserved airports to  be drawn up in partnership with State Governments.

-To provide calibrated marketing freedom in order to incentivise gas production from deep-water, ultra deep-water and high pressure-high temperature areas.

-Comprehensive plan, spanning next 15 to 20 years, to augment the investment in nuclear power generation to be drawn up.

-Steps to re-vitalise PPPs:

-Public Utility (Resolution of Disputes) Bill will be introduced during 2016-17

-Guidelines for renegotiation of PPP Concession Agreements will be issued

New credit rating system for infrastructure projects to be introduced

-Reforms in  FDI  policy in  the areas of  Insurance and Pension, Asset Reconstruction Companies, Stock Exchanges.

-100%  FDI  to  be  allowed  through  FIPB  route  in  marketing  of  food products produced and manufactured in India.

-A new policy for  management of  Government investment in  Public Sector  Enterprises, including disinvestment and strategic sale, approved.

 

FINANCIAL SECTOR REFORMS

FINANCIAL SECTOR REFORMS

-A comprehensive Code on Resolution of  Financial Firms to be introduced.

-Statutory basis for a Monetary Policy framework and a Monetary Policy Committee through the Finance Bill 2016.

-A Financial Data Management Centre to be set up.

-RBI to facilitate retail participation in Government securities.

-New derivative products will be developed by SEBI in the Commodity Derivatives market.

-Amendments in the SARFAESI Act 2002 to enable the sponsor of an ARC to hold up to 100% stake in the ARC and permit non institutional investors to invest in Securitization Receipts.

-Comprehensive  Central  Legislation  to  be  bought  to  deal  with  the menace of illicit deposit taking schemes.

-Increasing members and benches of the Securities Appellate Tribunal.

-Allocation of  Rs 25,000 crore towards recapitalisation of Public Sector Banks.

-Target of amount sanctioned under Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana increased to Rs 1,80,000 crore.

-General Insurance Companies owned by the Government to be listed in the stock exchanges.

GOVERNANCE AND EASE OF DOING BUSINESS

GOVERNANCE AND EASE OF DOING BUSINESS

-A Task Force has been constituted for rationalisation of  human resources in various Ministries.

-Comprehensive review and rationalisation of Autonomous Bodies.

-Bill for Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services by using the Aadhar framework to be introduced.

-Introduce DBT on pilot basis for fertilizer.

-Automation facilities will be  provided in 3 lakh fair price shops by March 2017.

-Amendments in Companies Act to improve enabling environment for start-ups.

-Price Stabilisation Fund with a corpus of ` 900 crore to help maintain stable prices of Pulses.

-“Ek  Bharat  Shreshtha Bharat” programme will be launched to  link

-States and  Districts in  an  annual programme that  connects people through exchanges in  areas  of  language, trade,  culture, travel  and tourism.