Wheat, rice productivity up, but oilseeds decline in 2011-12
New Delhi: The productivity of key food staples wheat and rice improved in the 2011-12 crop year, but that of oilseeds declined in the same period, Parliament was informed Friday.
Productivity of pulses, that is a widely consumed protein supplement in the country, improved only marginally in the 2011-12 crop year (July-June), as per the data presented by Minister of State for Agriculture Harish Rawat in a written reply to Rajya Sabha.
The total foodgrain productivity in the country, however rose by 6 percent to 2,059 kg per hectare in the 2011-12 crop year (July-June) from 1,931 kg a hectare in the year-ago period, the data showed.
India is estimated to have harvested a record 257.44 million tonnes of foodgrains in the 2011-12 crop year compared to 244.78 million tonnes in 2010-11 crop year.
While rice yields rose by 6 percent to 2,372 kg/hectare in the 2011-12 crop year from 2,239 kg per hectare in 2010-11 crop year, that of wheat rose by 5 percent to 3,140 kg a hectare from 2,989 kg per hectare in the same period.
The country is estimated to have achieved a record output of rice and wheat in the last crop year at 104.32 million tonnes and 93.90 million tonnes, respectively. In the 2010-11 crop year, it had produced 95.98 million tonnes of rice and 86.87 million tonnes of wheat.
Pulses productivity, however, showed marginal improvement due to decline in moong yield. Pulses productivity rose to 694 kg per hectare in 2011-12 crop year as against 691 kg per hectare in the year-ago period.
Its production declined by 6 percent to 17.21 million tonnes in 2011-12 from 18.24 million tonnes in 2010-11.
The productivity of oilseeds fell by 5 percent to 1,135 kg per hectare in 2011-12 from 1,193 kg per hectare in 2010-11 mainly on account of decline in yields of soyabean, groundnut and rapeseed and mustard.
Oilseeds output fell by 8 percent to 30.01 million tonnes from 32.47 million tonnes in the review period.
India imports both pulses and edible oils to meet its domestic demands.
The country imported 3.3 million tonnes of pulses in the 2011-12 fiscal.
Inbound shipments of edible oils stood at about 8.37 million tonnes in the 2010-11 oil year (November-October).
India's import of edible and non-edible oils rose by 20 percent to 7.27 million tonne in the first three quarters of the current oil year.
Coarse cereal yields rose by 4 percent to 1,593 kg per hectare in 2011-12 crop year from 1,536 kg per hectare in the 2010-11 crop year. However its production declined by 4 percent to 42.01 million tonnes from 43.68 million tonnes in the same period.