China buys into giant Kazakh oilfield for $5 bn
Astana: President Xi Jinping on Saturday will oversee China's entry into Kashagan, a vast oilfield in Kazakhstan, as he tours post-Soviet Central Asia to secure hydrocarbons for the world's largest energy consumer.
The USD 5 billion deal futher increases China's rising clout in Central Asia, once Russia's imperial backyard, and blocks an attempt by global rival India to get a stake in the oilfield, the world's largest oil discovery in five decades.
Kazakhstan will sell 8.33 percent of the offshore oilfield to China for about USD 5 billion in a deal to be signed during Xi's visit to the capital Astana later on Saturday, Kazakh government sources told Reuters.
The sale and purchase agreement will be signed by the heads of Kazakh national oil and gas company KazMunaiGas and China National Petroleum Corp, said the officials, who requested anonymity.
"We suppose that the transaction will be closed by late September or late October," one of the officials said.
One of the clauses of the agreement stipulates that China will help arrange a loan of up to USD 3 billion for KazMunaiGas to help it finance the second stage of Kashagan's development, due to begin after 2020, he said.
China is already involved in a number of oil projects in the vast resource-rich neighbour, which is five times the size of France but has a population of just 17 million.
This week, Xi visited Kazakhstan's neighbour Turkmenistan, which holds the world's fourth-largest natural gas reserves, and oversaw deals aiming to boost gas supplies and build a pipeline to China.
The Kazakh deal comes after Astana decided in July to use its pre-emptive right to buy an 8.4-percent stake in Kashagan that US oil major ConocoPhillips (COP.N) was selling for USD 5 billion.
Houston-based ConocoPhillips, whittling down its worldwide portfolio of assets, announced last year it had agreed to sell the stake to ONGC (ONGC.NS), the overseas arms of the Indian state-run company.
The sale to CNPC blocks India's plan to enter the Kashagan project.
Kazakhstan, home to 3 percent of the world's recoverable oil reserves, has moved in recent years to exert greater management control and secure bigger revenues from foreign-owned oil and gas projects.
KazMunaiGas entered the Kashagan consortium as a shareholder in 2005 and has since then doubled its stake to 16.81 percent.
Kashagan and the neighbouring fields in the North Caspian Sea hold estimated reserves of 35 billion barrels of oil in place, with 9 billion to 13 billion barrels being recoverable.
Kazakh officials have said they expect the giant reservoir off western Kazakhstan to produce first oil later this month.
A multinational consortium developing the field has invested some USD 50 billion in about 13 years, making it the costliest oil project in the world.
During Kashagan's development, production will be gradually increased to 370,000 barrels per day in the second stage from 180,000 bpd in the first stage in 2013-14, according to North Caspian Operating Company (NCOC), which is developing the field.
Italy's ENI (ENI.MI), U.S. major ExxonMobil (XOM.N), Royal Dutch Shell (RDSa.L) and France's Total (TOTF.PA) currently all hold 16.81 percent stakes in Kashagan. Japan's Inpex (1605.T) owns 7.56 percent.