The world's largest software maker, which powers more than 90 percent of the world's computers, is still a money-making machine, but its fortunes are tied to vulnerable PC sales and investors have doubts it can replicate its dominance in the fast-growing mobile and tablet markets.
Its stock is down 2.4 percent in the last 12 months, compared with a 24 percent rise in the tech-heavy Nasdaq.
"Microsoft is still a juggernaut in the PC business, Windows-based machines are still selling over 300 million a year," Tim Bajarin, president of tech research firm Creative Strategies, said earlier this week.
"But they missed the smartphone revolution, and even though they were the first to really push the tablet, Apple basically redesigned it and left Microsoft in the dust."
Sales of Windows 7 are still going strong, but likely won't match the year-ago figure, which was boosted by a one-time deferral of revenue from pre-sales of the operating system, which was launched in October 2009.
Microsoft is expected to report second-quarter profit of 68 cents per share, according to Thomson Reuters I/B/E/S, lower than the 74 cents it reported a year ago.
Overall sales are expected to inch up to USD 19.15 billion from USD 19 billion a year ago, helped by the unexpectedly strong sales of the Kinect hands-free gaming system, which sold 8 million units over the holiday shopping season, above Microsoft's own target of 5 million.
PC sales, the surest guide to Microsoft's overall health, rose only 3.1 percent in the last three months of last year, according to research firm Gartner, well below earlier estimates.
The good news for Microsoft is that business customers -- the core market for its software -- are buying new computers more readily than cash-strapped consumers, who are holding off on purchases or buying iPads instead.
That resilience of business customers helped tech bellwethers IBM and Intel Corp post positive results and outlooks over the past two weeks, helping their stocks higher.
Apple Cruising Past
One uncomfortable fact for Microsoft: unless it posts blowout numbers, it will have a lower quarterly profit than Apple for the first time in recent memory. The last time Apple produced more profit in a year than Microsoft was 1990.
Last week, Apple announced a record USD 6 billion quarterly profit on strong-selling iPhones and iPads over the holiday shopping season.
Analysts expect Microsoft to post profit of USD 5.93 billion for the same quarter. Two years ago, Microsoft's profit was almost double Apple's.
It could be a painful moment for Microsoft, which effectively saved Apple from extinction with a USD 150 million investment in 1997.
If Microsoft does not impress Wall Street this quarter, or show it has a realistic plan for growth, questions will be asked about the leadership of Steve Ballmer, now in his 12th year as chief executive.
A string of high-level departures has raised concerns about his efforts to revitalize the company.