New Delhi: Broadcast regulator TRAI Wednesday recommended extension of licence period of direct-to-home (DTH) operators to 20 years, while proposing bringing down fees to 8 percent of the adjusted gross revenue.
In its recommendations on a new DTH licensing regime, the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) said vertically integrated broadcasters must be subjected to a set of additional regulations, allowing them to control only one distribution platform operators (DPOs).
Vertically integrated broadcasters are entities which run TV channels as well as distribution platforms as MSO and DTH.
On the tenure of DTH licence, TRAI suggested that it to be increased from 10 years to 20 years, renewable by 10 years at a time.
To bring parity with telecom operators in terms of licence fee with the DTH operators, TRAI also recommended a reduction in existing licence fee from 10 percent of gross revenue (GR) to 8 percent of the adjusted gross revenue (AGR).
The sectoral regulator also recommended a one-time entry fee of Rs 10 crore for the DTH industry.
Moreover, TRAI has also suggested giving liberty to the existing DTH operators to "migrate to the new regime at any time during their currency of their existing licenses".
The DTH operators are paying 10 percent of their GR, while the telecom operators pay only 8 percent of their AGR. Under AGR, revenues arising out from other activities like interest on savings, dividends, bundling of handsets and others are excluded for calculating the licence fee.
TRAI has also suggested BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) to come out with updated specifications for the set-top-boxes (STBs) in consultation with the regulator.
On the issue of cross holdings in the broadcasting and the distribution sectors, TRAI said there was a need to bring "uniformity" in the sector.
"Comprehensive definition of 'control' to be uniformly adopted in all segments of broadcasting and distribution sectors," it recommended.
It has also suggested for additional set of regulations for vertically integrated broadcasters and DPO. Moreover, it also said that a vertically integrated broadcaster should be permitted to take control of only one DPO.
TRAI also said that a "vertically integrated DPO to be restricted from controlling any other DPO of other category in the relevant market" and "not to be permitted to acquire more than 33 percent of the market share".
The sectoral regulator has also suggested that a vertically integrated DPO should declare its channel carrying capacity and not to reserve more than 15 percent of its capacity for channels of its vertically integrated broadcaster.
Over the carriage fee charged by the DPOs from broadcasters to put their channels on their network, TRAI has suggested them to publish the access fees for it.
"The charging of the access fee should be on non- discriminatory basis," said TRAI.
It also called for distinguishing between the DTH and cable TV providers, Multi System Operators (MSOs) and Headend in the Sky (HITS). It suggested DTH would have a national market, while the latter would have state wise.
"Relevant market for DTH would be the entire country and for MSI/HITS - state," TRAI said, adding that broadcasters and distribution platform operators (DPOs) as MSOs and HITS which are also now providing digitised cable TV feed would have a separate legal entity.
Under the additional regulation suggested by the TRAI for the integrated broadcasters, the regulator said all agreements with DPOs should be 'non-discriminatory' and 'on charge per subscriber basis'.
It also suggested that such integrated broadcasters should "file the reference interconnect offer (RIO) for approval by the authority. All interconnection agreements to be only on the terms specified by RIO".
RIO specifies commercial terms for operators to get signals from broadcasters.