New Delhi: India added nearly 1.4 crore people to the workforce as on January 2012, up 3 percent from the same month in 2010, official data showed Thursday.
"...The workforce at the all-India level, was about 45.9 crore as on January 1, 2010 (NSS 66th round) which increased to 47.29 crore on January 1, 2012 (NSS 68th round), indicating a growth of about 1.39 crore of the workforce at the all-India level between 66th round and 68th round," a release by National Sample Survey Office said today.
The NSSO data was based on 68th round survey conducted during July 2011-June 2012, it said.
Of the 47.29 crore people employed, 23.46 crore were rural males, 10.18 crore rural females, 10.92 crore urban males and 2.73 crore urban female, it said.
The indicators were based on the central sample of 1,01,724 households (59,700 in rural areas and 42,024 in urban areas) surveyed from 7,469 villages in rural areas and 5,268 urban blocks spread over all the states and union territories, excluding some interior villages inaccessible places, it said.
On the basis of the survey, the unemployment rate (on the basis of reference period of one year) was nearly 2 percent at the all-India level.
"It was about 2 percent in rural areas and about 3 percent in urban," it said.
In the rural areas, unemployment rate for both males and females were almost at the same level of nearly 2 percent while in urban areas, it was about 5 percent for females compared with 3 percent for males, it added.
The shares of self-employment in total workforce were 55 percent for rural males, 59 percent for rural females, 42 percent for urban males, 43 percent for urban females.
Also, the wage rates at all-India level were at Rs 396 per day. It was Rs 299 in rural areas and Rs 450 in urban areas.
"In the rural areas, wages received per day by a regular wage/salaried employee was Rs 322 for males and Rs 202 for females. In the urban areas, this was Rs 470 for males and Rs 366 for females," it added further.