The birth anniversary of Lord Buddha is celebrated as Buddha Purnima. The auspicious day is also widely known as the Buddha Jayanti. The day commemorates the birth of the prince Siddhartha Gautama who went on to become Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism.
Born to a royal couple from Kapilavastu, Siddhartha who is popularly known as Gautama Buddha grew up in an environment that hid the fundamental realities of life. His father never wanted him to be touched by human sufferings. He was raised luxuriously in the cosy comforts of his palace. But Siddhartha was destined to detach himself from materialistic pleasures.
He chose to lead a life that would inspire the world.
Here's taking a look at the four main places that are associated with the life of Gautama Buddha. Thousands of devotees from across the world visit these Buddhist pilgrimage sites.
Lumbini in Nepal is believed to be the birthplace of Gautama.
This place in Bihar is where he is believed to have attained enlightenment under the Mahabodhi tree.
Gautama delivered his first speech in Sarnath.
Kushinara is believed to the place where Gautama breathed his last.
Besides these, Sravasti, Rajgir, Sankassa and Vaishali are also closely associated with the life of Gautama. Sravasti is known for his miracles; Rajgir is supposedly the place where he pacified a furious wild elephant; Sankassa is believed to be the place where Buddha returned after preaching the Adidhamma in the heaven and last but not the least Vaishali is where he set up the Bhikshuni Sangha.