Mumbai: Another 24 filmmakers including Kundan Shah of "Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro" fame and Saeed Mirza and Booker winning writer Arundhati Roy today returned their National Awards in an escalation of protests by intellectuals against "growing intolerance" in the country.
With this, at least 75 members of the intelligentsia have either returned national or literary awards even as writer Nayantara Sahgal reiterated that "secularism was under threat" like never before. Sahgal, niece of Jawaharlal Nehru, was among the first to return the honours when she gave back the Sahitya Akademi award.
The filmakers also strongly rallied behind students of the prestigious Film and Television Institute of India(FTII) who recently called of their 136-day strike, saying their battle went beyond the manipulation of education to include "intolerance, divisiveness and hate".
As they added to the voice against the "growing disregard" for freedom of speech and the murder of three intellectuals, Roy was quoted as having said that she was returning the honour in protest against "ideological viciousness". She had received the 1989 National Film Award for Best Screenplay for the documentary "In which Annie Gives it to those Ones".
Other prominent names in the list of those who have returned the awards today included documentary filmmaker Anwar Jamal, director Virendra Saini, Pradip Krishnen, Manoj Lobo, sound designers Vivek Sachidanand, P M Satheesh, Ajay Raina, director Sudhakar Reddy Yakkanti, editor Irene Dhar Malik, cinematographer Satya Rai Nagpaul, director Amitabh Chakraborty, filmmaker Tapan Bose and Madhusree Dutta.
Shah, an FTII alumnus, said to give up his only National Award which he received for cult film "Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro" was very sad but was a necessary decision to protest against the appointment of Gajendra Chauhan as the chairman of FTII.
"This is the only National Award I have for 'Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro' am I feel very sad to part with it. I owe this award to my alma mater FTII- there would've been no JBDY if I had not studied at FTII," Shah said.
Mirza, a former chairman of FTII and known for his films like "Albert Pinto Ko Gussa Kyoon Aata Hai" and TV show "Nukkad", said the protest started by the students has become bigger to turn into movement against "intolerance, divisiveness and hate".
Union Minister Venkaiah Naidu hit back at those who had returned their awards at a "Know the Truth" briefing in Delhi stating that " efforts are being made to derail the Modi government's development agenda."
The "award wapasi" campaign has faced criticism from some quarters, who call it selective protest but Shah countered the argument saying his films were against the then ruling government, Congress too.
"This is not a protest against BJP only- we've protested through our work against the Congress government too," he said, adding the award money will be donated to charity, while the trophy will be given to the representatives of the I&B ministry.
Filmmaker Ashoke Pandit took to twitter to decry Roy and others. "Arundhati Roy supports terrorists like Yasin Malik, Geelani and then returns her award for intolerance."
He said he was sad that his creative gurus Kundan Shah and Saeed Mirza "stand exposed today."
"Had thought they were different. Bt they proved me wrong. Sad," he tweeted.