Aesthetics, artisanship, techniques and investment of time, make up for six yards of exclusivity, Radhi Parekh, Founder, Artisans tells Averil Nunes.
With yards and yards of difference between majuri (labour), karigari (artisanship) and kalakari (artistry), and not much to protect our traditional weaves from extinction or to promote the exquisite possibilities they present, the looms that weave luxury may well be still after the current generation of artisans calls it a day. Presenting three Indian weaves that are too exquisite to lose and too intricate and skill-demanding to meet economics of scale.
Patola, Patan, Gujarat
Crafted by the master weavers of Patan, Gujarat, the double ikat designs of the patola feature a dyed warp and weft. Red (maddar), blue (indigo) and black (iron filings, tannin or jaggery) are the colours typically seen in the graph-based designs of the patola. Green is often hand-painted on. With 3 people taking about 75 days to dye the silk yarn that produces the geometric patterns typical of patola and 2 people weaving about eight inches a day, time is the luxury here. Scarcity of the yarn of Chinese origin and the sheer skill involved in creating a thing of beauty, only adds to its exclusivity. Elephants, tigers, parrots and peacocks often feature in the intricate designs of ceremonial cloths for the royal families of South East Asia, which were though to be invested with talismanic powers. The Salvis of Patan are thought to be one of just two families that still use traditional techniques to weave these saris. Will the next generation succumb to the lure of opportunities in other spheres with our lack of recognition of artisanal value?
Creation takes: More than 100 days
To own one: You`ll have to wait for 1-2 years
It`ll cost you: Rs 2,50,000 – 3,50,000 on average
Available at: Patan Patola Heritage, Patolawala Salvivado, Patolawala street,
Patan – 384265, North Gujarat; 091 9898775748, www.patanpatola.com
Paithani, Aurangabad, Maharashtra
“I think wearing cotton is a luxury,” insists Meera Mehta designer of many an intricate Paithani. “Luxury is not always time and intricacy, it could be simplicity. A single line and a dot could be aesthetic,” she says as she shows us sari after sari that has been hand-dyed and hand woven. The paithani and paithani brocades feature silk yarn wrapped in beaten silver and dipped in gold. Some of these are woven with upto 200 bobbins creating a single line of a pattern, some with less. But that does not matter, feels the designer, who thinks that luxury should be defined by the level of aesthetics, artistry and artisanship involved. The law of inverse applies here; the finer or smaller the design, the longer it will take to weave. At 9 months to create a brocade Paithani, patience is undoubtedly a virtue. A virtue that we hope more people will grow to appreciate before museums become the sole custodian of exceptionally designed and crafted weaves and skills that have taken years to fine-tune fall victim to commercialisation.
Creation takes: 2 months to over a year
To own one: You`ll be a lucky soul if this rarity is in stock when you want it
It`ll cost you: a few thousands to a few lakhs depending on the intricacy
Available at: Meera Mehta, Fort Chambers, C Block, Tamarind St., Fort; 0 91 22 22650905; firstname.lastname@example.org
The weavers of Bengal have long been known to weave pure fine count jamdani (hand spun khadi in both warp and weft) into works of art. Made from long-staple cotton woven early morning when the dew increases the moisture content in the air, this “embroidery on the loom” as Ruby Palchoudhuri, honorary general secretary and executive director of the Crafts Council of West Bengal, who is attempting to revive Jamdani. The designs are created by moving a supplementary weft shuttle back and forth to define each motif creating patterns (tapestry weave) whilst the cloth is being woven. The unassuming jamdani often sports a muga silk (Assamese silk) natural gold border, which is reportedly worth it`s weight in gold. The dhakai muslin, famed for it`s ability to pass through a ring is woven using the same technique. With finer counts (finer thread in greater numbers per inch) requiring greater skill and rumours that only three families in Bengal currently weave the traditional way, we can only hope that jamdani will survive the sprinting pace of development and the preference for glitzier and more glamourous fabrics unscathed.
Creation takes: approximately 2 months
To owe one: You`ll have to wait for between 6-8 weeks
It`ll cost you: Rs 20,000 - 40,000
Available at: Artisana, 13, Chowringhee Terrace, Kolkata - 700 020; 0 91 33 2223 9422; www.artisanaccwb.org
Handspun Haute Couture
From runaway child to runway success, Vaishali Shadangule`s path from the small town of Vidhisha, Madhya Pradesh to the most watched catwalks of India, has had it`s share of ups and downs, but she has never strayed from her handloom leanings.
Her designs are reflective of all that is within her. So from her debut at Lakme Fashion Week 2011 with the Chanderi weaves of Madhya Pradesh, which featured paper boats and planes in tribute to her childhood memories to her recent Spring Summer 2014 Collection which captures the emotions of her Vipassana experince in black, white and grey flowing fabrics... Vaishali S stays true to herself.
Delicate to the point of being frail, and transluscent enough to be erotic if worn sans accompaniment, the silhouettes she creates replicate the pleats and fall of traditonal Indian wear. Crafted out of saris woven as per her specifications, her designs are an attempt to let the fabric retain its natural flow. So you`ll find wraps galore and zips only when required. The cost of her creations starts at around Rs 5000 but can go up to Rs 30,000 – 35,000.
Different looms offer a variety of palette and texture and Vaishali is determined to explore. Chanderi from the looms of Madhya Pradesh, Mekhalachadder from the women dominated looms of Assam; the vibrant Khands and Paithini of Maharashtra and the delicate Jamdani and Khadi of Bengal... she seems detrmined to give the products of tradional handlooms an international stage.
Hand spun, hand woven and hand embellished are the key words here.
A Visual Communications graduate of the National Institute of Design (NID), Radhi Parekh spent two decades across three continents, first illustrating children’s books, then multimedia games, and finally creating global online software solutions, before founding ARTISANS’ in Mumbai`s art precinct Kala Ghoda, in 2011.
ARTISANS` represents work at the convergence of art, craft and design, connecting artists, craftspeople, designers and buyers through dialogue, exhibitions, lectures and workshops.
Radhi who thinks karigars and designers “co-creating” is the road to sustaining India`s art, craft and design heritage, advocates a “people-centered design process” at NID, and nurtures the creative entrepreneurship programme at ISDI Parsons Mumbai.