Smoking adds to blues among teens
Toronto: Some teenagers smoke to puff away their blues, but it may actually end up worsening their depressive symptoms.
`Smokers who used cigarettes as mood enhancers had higher risks of elevated depressive symptoms than teens who had never smoked,` says study co-author Jennifer O`Loughlin, professor of preventive medicine at the University of Montreal.
As part of the study, 662 high school teenagers completed up to 20 questionnaires from grades 7 to 11 about their use of cigarettes to affect their mood, reports the journal Addictive Behaviours.
Secondary schools were selected to provide a mix of French and English participants, urban and rural schools, and schools located in high, moderate and low socio-economic neighbourhoods, said a Montreal release.
Participants were divided into three groups: never smokers; smokers who did not use cigarettes to self-medicate, improve mood or physical state; smokers who used cigarettes to self-medicate.
Depressive symptoms were measured using a scale that asked how often participants felt too tired to do things; had trouble going to sleep or staying asleep; felt unhappy, sad, or depressed.
The study found that instead of lifting their mood, smoking increased symptoms of depression among teens.