New Delhi: The European Commission (EC) recently sued the United Kingdom (UK) at European Court of Justice for its continuous failure to protect the Harbour porpoise.
These marine mammals are native to North Atlantic but their population have been decreasing in the Baltic, Meditarranean and east of English Channel. The EC on 29th September said that the country is lacking in providing safe natural habitat for these marine species.
Fishing nets, oil and gas exploration and construction of offshore wind farms are the main factors responsible for the steep decline of Harbour porpoise.
Under EU law, the UK should have drawn up a list of conservation sites, called Special Areas of Conservation (SAC's), for the porpoises, but has so far formally proposed just one small site in the Skerries and Causeway conservation area, in Northern Ireland.
SACs are areas of land, freshwater and/or sea created under the European Union Habitats Directive for the conservation of natural habitats and species of plants and animals. ‘Due to the unfavorable status of the Harbour porpoise in the EU, 13 member states, other than the UK, have designated sites for its protection,’ the Commission said, according to BBC news.
‘The Commission has repeatedly urged the British authorities to fulfill their key obligations for the conservation of the species, as other member states have done already.’