Here is a list of 30 key crime facts about India based on NCRB data
1. That India remains one of the most violent nations to live in has been further reinforced by NCRB’s ‘Crime in India’ report - 2012. The total incidence of violent crimes has increased by 65 percent in 2012 over the previous year.
2. Safety and security of women in India remains questionable as overall crime graph against women has witnessed 6.8 per cent rise in 2012.
3. Madhya Pradesh with 3425 cases in 2012 is the new rape capital of India. Overall at the country level, incidence of rape has risen by 2.96 per cent in 2012 over the previous year.
4. Kidnapping& abduction of girls and women continues unabated. A 7.5 percent rise in cases of kidnapping &abduction of girls and women has been reported in 2012.
5. Good news for women as number of women police stations have increased from 455 in 2011 to 510 in 2012.
6. A major relief to Indian brides as dowry deaths have fallen by four per cent in 2012.
7. Crime against children has increased by 15.33 percent in 2012 over the previous year.
8. Incidence of murder and rape committed against children increased by 13 per cent and 55 per cent respectively in 2012 over the previous year.
9. Cyber crimes (IT Act and IPC) in India have increased by 57.11 per cent in 2012. Cyber forgery with 47.9 per cent (263 out of total 549) and cyber fraud with 39.1 per cent (215 out of 549) were the main cases under IPC category for cyber crimes in 2012.
10. Maharashtra remains the centre of cyber crime with a maximum cases reported in 2012.
11. Crime involving children have increased from 2.1 per cent in 2011 to 2.3 per cent in 2012.
12. Children apprehended under both Indian Penal Code (IPC) and Special & Local Laws (SLL) has increased from 33,887 in 2011 to 35,123 in 2012.
13. The involvement of girls in juvenile crime has increased from 5.8 per cent in 2011 to 5.9 per cent in 2012.
14. Crime against Scheduled Tribes has gone up by 2.8 per cent in 2012 over the previous year.
15. In contrast, crime against Scheduled Castes has gone down by 0.18 per cent in 2012 over the previous year.
16. The percentage of persons arrested under Indian Penal Code (IPC) & Special Local Laws (SLL) has gone down by 0.51 per cent in 2012 over 2011.
17. Travel via train seems to be a better option as incidence of crime under Railways Act has decreased by 7.6 per cent in 2012 over 2011.
18. NCRB annual report for the year 2012 shows a 2.6 per cent increase in cognizable crime rate in comparison to 2011.
19. During 2012, crime rate in major states slated for assembly polls in next one year has increased from 2011.
20. The number of complaints registered against police personnel reduced from 61765 in 2011 to 57363 in 2012.
21. The gap between sanctioned and actual strength of civil police including district armed police have increased from 3, 79,636 in 2011 to 4, 03,346 in 2012.
22. The number of deaths reported in police custody have increased from 29 in 2011 to 38 in 2012.
23. Showing negligence on the part of police department, the number of persons escaped from lockup increased from 198 in 2011 to 250 in 2012.
24. Total number of cognisable crime (In a cognizable offense the police can take cognisance of the offense on its own, it need not wait for the court orders) under IPC dropped from 856444 in 2011 to 845495 in 2012.
25. The number of motor vehicles with state police have increased from 148908 in 2011 to 162402 in 2012. Car, Jeep and Motor cycle number has also increased during the period.
26. The number of police personnel killed on duty has reduced from 867 in 2011 to 821 in 2012.
27. Representing excessive work pressure among policemen, the number of suicide committed by police personnel in service have increased from 192 in 2011 to 214 in 2012. Among states, Tamil Nadu again tops the list for police suicides.
28. India’s latest crime records indicate decline in loss of property due to criminal breach of trust and cheating. While property worth Rs 6585 crore was lost in 2011, merely Rs 589 crore was lost due to criminal breach of trust and cheating in 2012.
29. Projecting growing insanity against innocence, Delhi (City) with 38.5 per cent contribution is marked as the most unsafe city for children in 2012.
30. Representing a negative trend, conviction rate in cases of crimes committed against children has decreased from 34 per cent to 29 per cent in 2012 over the previous year.