Rashi Aditi Ghosh/Zee Research Group
More Indian women are open to migration within the country than men says the latest report published by statistics and program implementation ministry. But majority of them migrate not purely of their own volition. Sixty-one percent urban women migrate due to marriage as against 91 percent in rural India.
The 14th issue of the report named “Women and men in India-2012” shows that the trend of migration is getting more popular within women in comparison to men both in rural and urban areas. The report was published on October 31, 2012.
The report says that the share of rural migrant females stood at a high 47.7 percent as compared with a paltry 5.4 percent to their male counterparts. The pattern is similarly evident among urban female migrants as well. As against 25.9 percent of urban men, 45.6 percent of urban women have migrated.
Reasoning the higher rate female migration Professor Kamla Ganesh, an expert in migration studies from University of Mumbai says, “Women now move from rural to urban areas because they now prefer a hassle free life. They are now keen to have an independent life and want to stay within a nuclear family which is more customized and less monotonous.”
The report also suggests that out of the total female rural migrants 91.2 percent migrated due to marriage followed by 4.4 per cent due to movement of parents/earning member.
Anjali Pawar, a women and child rights activist from Sakhee NGO, Mumbai says “Women in India have least to say when it comes to decision making in the family and that’s the obvious reason which reinforces the increase in majority of migration amongst women in India.”
Migration due to studies and employment still ranks low among rural women as only 0.7 percent and 0.5 percent migrate from rural to urban areas respectively.
Similarly, the higher percent of migration amongst urban female migrants also occurred due to marriage followed by movement of parents/earning member and the least due to employment and studies.
While 60.8 percent of the total female urban migrants migrated due to marriage and 29.4 percent due to movement of parents/earning member, only 2.7 percent migrated due to employment and just 2.2 migrated due to studies.