Poll-bound states perform poorly on crime front
Pankaj Sharma/ Zee Research Group
There`s a bad news for states where Assembly polls will be held from this year to the middle of next year. The National Crime Records Bureau report 2012 shows a 2.6 percent increase in cognizable crime rate as compared to 2011. In an election year, the deteriorating law and order situation in these states may further add to the anti-incumbency factor.
A Zee Research Group (ZRG) study of major states going to Assembly polls until June 2014 reveals that barring Chhattisgarh, crime rate has gone up in all the states. In 2012, while crime rate dropped by 4.6 percent in Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Delhi, Andhra Pradesh and Odisha have registered a sharp increase in crime incidents. The incidences of crime registered a decline in Mizoram and Sikkim. The term of Assemblies in these two north-eastern states is going to expire next year.
Between 2011 and 2012, Madhya Pradesh reported a rise of 1.5 percent in crime rate whereas Rajasthan, Delhi, Andhra Pradesh and Odisha registered an increase of 3.2 percent, 1.8 percent, 1.4 percent and 10.9 percent respectively. However, during the same period crime rate in Mizoram and Sikkim dropped by 3 percent and 11.4 percent respectively.
What’s interesting, however, is that a majority of states that recently went to polls show decrease in crimes. Karnataka where polls were held in May 2013 registered a decline of 2.6 percent in crime rate as compared to 2011. Similarly, Meghalaya and Himachal Pradesh too have registered an improvement in crime rate. While Meghalaya shows a drop of 7.2 percent in crime rate, Himachal Pradesh`s crime graph registered a 12.3 percent decline during the same period. Nagaland too has registered a marginal increase of 0.6 percent.
Only Tripura, which witnessed polls early this year, reported a 7.9 percent increase in crime rate compared to 2011. The bigger cause of concern: only 11 out of 35 Indian states and union territories have seen improvement in crime rate between 2011 and 2012.
The problem gets further compounded by the fact that there is a lack of efficient coordination between the Centre and the states on active data sharing on law and order. The NCRB report blames the states for the delay.
Shafi Alam, the NCRB director general, stated, “We could have released this publication in the month of May 2013 itself, but owing to the delay caused by some of the states in sending crime data to NCRB we couldn’t release it by May 2013.” Alam, in his forward letter of the annual report, mentioned that for the first time in the history of NCRB, the annual report has been released in the first week of June.
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