Kochi: Nowadays, heart disease has become very common and people from all over the globe are suffering from it. But the situation of this disease is even more alarming, as per cardiology experts.
Presidents of five major Cardiological Societies of the world who participated in the 68th annual conference of the Cardiological Society of India (CSI) on Sunday said, the Cardiology sector in India is facing several challenges with recent reports pointing out an alarming rise in heart diseases.
The major factor that increases the risk of heart disease is increase in diabetes, said American Heart Association President Prof Mark Creager.
Prof Creager was quoted as saying, "Diabetic patients who have high blood pressure and cholesterol have greater risk of heart diseases".
He cautioned that the diabetic patients who do not control their sugar will end up with a diseased heart.
World Heart Foundation former President, Dr Salim Yusuf pointed out that heart disease is one of the major reasons for high number of deaths in India.
The number of cardiac patients in Kerala is three times more than that of the national average, he noted.
"The lifestyle of people in Kerala had led to more people becoming heart patients.
People should reduce carbohydrates and include more fruits in their daily diet for a healthy heart," he opined.
He also stressed the importance of regular exercise in preventing heart disease.
Then the nature of Cardiac diseases is changing, new cardio vascular technologies are also evolving and gives much hope to the patients, said President designate of European Society of Cardiology, James Blankenship.
European Society of Cardiology President Jeroen Bax said newer technologies have been developed for the detection of diseases.
But, the attitude of people towards the new technology and methods have to change, he said.
President of the American College of Cardiology, Mary Norine who spoke on the occasion said the majority of cardiac problems end in heart failure when the heart cannot pump blood and this can cause death.
"However, in these circumstances there are technologies to make the heart function artificially and a prolong life," Ms Norine said.
She said though these technologies help patients to live an ordinary life, the doubts of the patients regarding the usage of these methods are yet to be cleared.
"If we are able to clear the doubts, then these treatments will be adopted widely and the number of deaths due to cardiac problems could come down," Ms Norine suggested.
(With PTI inputs)