Colorectal cancer: Things that can increase your risk

The results based on a colon cancer risk assessment survey, show that a healthy lifestyle can help reduce the risk of the disease. 

By Zee Media Bureau | Updated: May 08, 2017, 14:28 PM IST
Colorectal cancer: Things that can increase your risk

New Delhi: A new study suggests that individuals who follow an unhealthy lifestyle such as smoking cigarettes, exercising less, may be at increased risk of colorectal cancer.

The results based on a colon cancer risk assessment survey, show that a healthy lifestyle can help reduce the risk of the disease.

It found that respondents who exercised more, followed a healthy diet and did not smoke were less likely to have a personal history of colorectal cancer or colon polyps.

The survey, which has had more than 27,000 responses from around the world, highlights the modifiable risk factors, such as diet and lifestyle behaviours, reported by patients without a personal history of colorectal cancer and polyps.

Colorectal cancer, also known as bowel cancer and colon cancer, is a cancer that starts in the colon or the rectum.

The research team also found that less than 10 per cent of all respondents stated they ate five or more servings of fruit, vegetables and grains per day and only about 25 per cent undertook at least 30 minutes of exercise four times per week.

"Colon cancer is a preventable disease. These results emphasise the known modifiable factors that can alter the risk," said Carol Burke, a gastroenterologist at Cleveland Clinic in Ohio, US.

Burke and colleagues developed the online survey to provide respondents information about their colorectal cancer risk based upon self-reported personal and family history of colorectal cancer and polyps.

The survey generates suggestions for each participant to modify risk factors through screening as well as lifestyle and dietary changes.

The five-minute web-based questionnaire asks respondents about age, gender, ethnicity, height, weight, dietary factors, smoking history, physical activity, personal and family history of colorectal cancer or polyps, and adherence to screening.

The findings were presented at the Digestive Disease Week 2017 being held from May 6-9 at McCormick Place, Chicago.

(With IANS inputs)