Type 2 diabetes ups stroke, heart risk
New Delhi: In a recent study, type 2 diabetes was found associated with an increased risk of recurrent stroke or cardiovascular events among patients who have had an ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). "Type 2 diabetes mellitus is associated with increased risks of both stroke and coronary heart disease (CHD)," said the study authors.
To come to the conclusion, Alfred Callahan from Vanderbilt University, Nashville, and colleagues evaluated the risk of recurrent stroke or cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes or metabolic syndrome MetS.
In total, the study included 4,731 participants who had experienced an ischemic stroke.
The researchers classified 794 individuals with type 2 diabetes, 642 suffering from MetS and the remaining 3,295 with none of the conditions.
Patients with type 2 diabetes were more likely to experience another stroke than those in the control group, major cardiovascular incident, or revascularization procedure.
Those in the MetS group were not at an increased risk of stroke or major cardiovascular events, but were more likely than those in the control group to undergo revascularization procedures.
But the good news is that treatment with the statin medication significantly reduced the risk of these events in both participants with type 2 diabetes or MetS.
The study was published online by Archives of Neurology , one of the JAMA/Archives journals.