Assembly constituencies of West Bengal
Lets look at some of the some of the main constituencies of the state of West Bengal.
The Port of Kolkata is a riverine port in the city of Kolkata. It is the oldest operating port in India, having originally been constructed by the British East India Company. The Port has two distinct dock systems - Kolkata Docks at Kolkata and a deep water dock at Haldia Dock Complex, Haldia. After independence its importance decreased because of factors including the Partition of Bengal (1947), reduction in size of the port hinterland and economic stagnation in eastern India.
In the 21st century due to the east Indian economic recovery and infrastructure improvements, the port grew swiftly to become the nation`s third largest container port. It was one of India`s fastest growing ports in 2004-05.
Singur is a census town in Hooghly district in the West Bengal. Singur railway station is 34 km from Howrah Station on the Howrah – Tarakeshwar line. As per 2001 India census, Singur had a population of 19,539. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Singur has an average literacy rate of 76%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 81%, and female literacy is 71%.
Singur gained international media attention when Tata Motors started constructing a factory there to manufacture their Nano car. The small car was scheduled to roll out of the factory by 2008. In October 2008 Tata announced that the factory will not be completed and the production of the Nano will be set up in Sanand, Gujrat.
Nandigram is a rural area with two commuunity development blocks in Haldia subdivision of Purba Medinipur district. It is located about 70 km south-west of Kolkata, on the south bank of the Haldi River, opposite the industrial city of Haldia. The area falls under the Haldia Development Authority.
In 2007 the West Bengal government decided to allow Salim Group to set up a chemical hub at Nandigram under the special economic zone policy. This led to resistance by the villagers resulting in clashes with the police that left 14 villagers dead and accusations of police brutality. Ms Firoza Bibi of All India Trinamool Congress is the newly elected MLA from Nandigram Assembly Constituency, by-elections for which were held on Jan 05, 2009.
Ballygunge is an upmarket and elite locality in South Kolkata. It is flanked by Park Circus in the north, Kasba and the Eastern Railway south suburban line in the east, Dhakuria, Jadavpur, and the Lakes (now called Rabindra Sarobar) in the south, and the localities of Bhowanipore and Kalighat in the west.
It is a large area comprising Old Ballygunge, Ballygunge Circular Road, Gurusaday Dutta Road, Palm Avenue, Hindustan Park, Mayfair Road, Ballygunge Place, Gariahat Road, Hindustan Road,Gol Park, Kankulia Road, Ballygunj Gardens, Dover Lane, Rash Behari Avenue, Southern Avenue, Merlin Park, Queens park, Sunny Park, Ritchie Road, the Lake Area (adjoining Rabindra sarobar), Deshapriya Park and some areas of Lansdowne Road (Sarat Bose Road).
Chowrangee is a neighbourhood in central Kolkatta. Jawaharlal Nehru Road (earlier known as Chowrangee Road) runs on its western side. A neighbourhood steeped in history, it is a business district, as well as a shopper’s destination and entertainment-hotel centre. It has Janbazar on the north, Taltala and certain areas under Park Street Police Station on the east, Bhowanipore on the south and the Maidan on the west.
The neighbourhood is spread over areas under New Market, Park Street and Shakespeare Sarani police stations. Chowringhee is spread over parts of ward nos. 46, 52, 61, 62, and 63 of Kolkata Municipal Corporation. These wards taken together had a total population of 159, 917 in the 2001 census, of which 101,189 were males and 58,828 were females. A major portion of this population lived in Chowrangee neighbourhood.
Howrah Uttar Vidhan Sabha constituency (Howrah North) is an assembly constituency in Howrah district. As per orders of the Delimitation Commission, No. 170 Howrah Uttar Vidhan Sabha constituency is composed of the following, Ward Nos. 1 to 7 and 10 to 16 of Howrah municipal corporation. Howrah Uttar is part of No. 25 Howrah Lok Sabha constituency.
Howrah Dakshin Vidhan Sabha constituency (Howrah South) is an assembly constituency in Howrah district. As per orders of the Delimitation Commission, No. 173 Howrah Dakshin Vidhan Sabha constituency is composed of the following, Ward Nos. 35, 38 to 41 and 44 to 46 of Howrah municipal corporation and Duila, Jorhat, Panchpara and Thanamakua gram panchayats of Sankrail community development block.
Howrah Madhya Vidhan Sabha constituency (Howrah Central) is an assembly constituency in Howrah district. As per orders of the Delimitation Commission, No. 171 Howrah Madhya Vidhan Sabha constituency is composed of the following, Ward Nos. 17 to 20, 24 to 34, 36, 37 and 42 of Howrah municipal corporation.
Jalpaiguri is the headquarters of Jalpaiguri district and the divisional headquarters of the North Bengal region. The economy of the town is centred around the tea industry. A Tea Auction Centre has recently come up in the town. The second largest employer in the town is the Government. As per 2001 India census Jalpaiguri had a population of 100,212. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Jalpaiguri has an average literacy rate of 80%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. Male literacy is 83% and female literacy is 75%.
Darjeeling Vidhan Sabha constituency is an assembly constituency constituency in Darjeeling district. As per orders of the Delimitation Commission, No. 23 Darjeeling Vidhan Sabha constituency covers Darjeeling municipality, Darjeeling Pulbazar community development block and Dhootria Kalej Valley, Ghum Khasmahal, Sukhia-Simana, Rangbhang Gopaldhara, Pokhriabong I, Pokhriabong II, Pokhriabong III, Lingia Maraybong, Permaguri Tamsang, Plungdung and Rangbull gram panchayats of Jorebunglow Sukhiapokhri community development block.
A Himalayan town, Darjeeling, is internationally renowned as a tourist destination and also for its tea industry and the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, a UNESCO Heritage Site. The town, with its neighbouring town of Kalimpong, was a center for the demand of the Gorkhaland movement in the 1980s. The present movement for a separate state of Gorkhaland is also centered in Darjeeling town.
According to the 2001 census, the Darjeeling urban agglomeration, with an area of 12.77 km2 (4.93 sq mi) has a population of 109,163, while the municipal area has a population of 107,530. The population density of the municipal area is 10,173 per km2. The sex ratio is 1,017 females per 1,000 males, which is higher than the national average of 933 females per 1000 males. The majority of the population are Gorkhas of ethnic Nepali background.
Siliguri Vidhan Sabha constituency is an assembly constituency in Darjeeling district. As per orders of the Delimitation Commission, No. 26 Siliguri Vidhan Sabha constituency covers ward nos. 1 to 30 and 45 to 47 of Siliguri municipal corporation. Siliguri is located in the Siliguri Corridor or Chicken`s Neck - a very narrow strip of land linking mainland India to its north-eastern states. It is also the transit point for air, road and rail traffic to the neighbouring countries of Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh.
The town hosts over 200,000 domestic and 15,000 foreign visitors annually. It is the commercial nerve center of North Bengal. Siliguri is Darjeeling district`s largest city. Siliguri is a unique city as 15 out of 47 wards of Siliguri Municipal Corporation falls in neighbouring Jalpaiguri district. Siliguri is the fifth largest city of West Bengal after Kolkata, Howrah, Durgapur and Asansol.
According to the 2010 Census of India, 579,821 people live in the city. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Siliguri has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 66.0%, male literacy is 83% and female literacy is 73%.
Jadavpur Vidhan Sabha constituency is an assembly constituency in South 24 Parganas district. Jadavpur is a neighbourhood in Kolkata. As per orders of the Delimitation Commission, No. 150 Jadavpur Vidhan Sabha constituency is composed of the following, Ward Nos. 96, 99, 101 to 106, 109 and 110 of Kolkata municipal corporation. Jadavpur is bounded by Dhakuria to the north, Tollygunge to the west, Santoshpur to the east and Garia to the south. Several of India`s major learning institutes are located in Jadavpur.