Cancer, cardio-vascular diseases to be major killers in 20 yrs

Cancer and cardio-vascular diseases will be the major killers in India in the next 20 years.

New Delhi: Cancer and cardio-vascular diseases will be the major killers in India in the next 20 years which will also see a substantial rise in the total number of deaths due to chronic diseases in the country.

While deaths caused by cancer are projected to increase from 73,000 in 2004 to 1.5 million in 2030, those due to cardio-vascular diseases will increase from 2.7 million in
2004 to four million in 2030, according to the latest edition of international health journal `Lancet`.

As India`s population ages during the next 25 years, the total number of deaths will increase substantially. This increase will largely be attributable to chronic diseases.
Overall projections suggest that chronic diseases will account for slightly less than three-quarters of all deaths in India by 2030, the report said.

On the other hand, the number of deaths due to communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutritional causes in the country is predicted to decrease between 2004
and 2030.

Between the same time period, injury-related deaths are estimated to increase by 30 per cent of the total, most of which will be attributable to road traffic injuries and

The number of years of life lost because of coronary heart disease deaths before the age of 60 years will increase from 7.1 million in 2004 to 17.9 million in 2030.

More life years will be lost as a result of this disease in India than is projected for China, Russia and the USA combined.

More than 20 per cent of the population has at least one chronic disease and more than 10 per cent has more than one. Chronic diseases are widespread in people who are younger than 45 years and in poorer populations.

Physical obesity and inactivity are most common among among individuals in the upper income categories, urban residents and older people.