Washington: Three years after the start of the male circumcision roll-out in the South African township of Orange Farm (110 000 adults), a study has concluded that it has led to a reduction in HIV prevalence and incidence.
The findings demonstrate for the first time that male circumcision roll-out is effective at community level in curbing the spread of HIV.
"The real-world effect of the roll-out of medical male circumcision (MMC) on the HIV epidemic has been until today, unknown," said Professor Bertran Auvert, Professor of Public Health at the University of Versailles and principal investigator of the study.
"This study demonstrates that adult male circumcision works to reduce the spread of HIV in an African community highly affected by the epidemic. Reducing the number of new infections with adult male circumcision will save lives and reduce the need for antiretroviral therapy.
“This study also shows that the roll out of adult safe male circumcision should become a top health priority in Southern and Eastern Africa and that a strong political commitment is needed now," concluded Auvert.