Frequent booze tied to faster HIV disease progression
HIV disease progresses faster in infected individuals who down two or more alcoholic drinks a day, claims a new study.
Washington: HIV disease progresses faster in infected individuals who down two or more alcoholic drinks a day, claims a new study.
The study has been published in AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses, a peer-reviewed journal published by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
The article, entitled "Alcohol Use Accelerates HIV Disease Progression," clearly demonstrates that frequent alcohol use, defined as two or more drinks daily, is associated with declining CD4+ cell counts (which indicate a weakened immune system) in individuals with HIV disease who either are or are not receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART).
Based on the results of a 30-month prospective study, the authors, Marianna Baum, Carlin Rafie, Sabrina Sales, and Adriana Campa, from Florida International University (Miami), Shenghan Lai, from Johns Hopkins University, and John Bryan Page, from University of Miami, Florida, conclude that alcohol has a direct effect on CD4 cells and that the accelerated decline in CD4+ cell counts in frequent alcohol users is not simply due to poorer adherence to ART in this population.