Highlights of Nov 8 India-US Joint Statement
New Delhi: Here are the highlights of the India-US joint statement that was issued Monday night after talks between Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and US President Barack Obama.
Backs India for a permanent seat in the UN Security Council: "Prime Minister Singh welcomed President Obama`s affirmation that, in the years ahead, the United States looks forward to a reformed UN Security Council that includes India as a permanent member."
The support, however, came with a rider about increased responsibilities. "Both leaders underscored that all states have an obligation to comply with and implement UN Security Council Resolutions, including UN sanctions regimes."
Forging a global strategic partnership: "The two leaders reaffirmed that India-U.S. strategic partnership is indispensable not only for their two countries but also for global stability and prosperity in the 21st century. To that end, President Obama welcomed India`s emergence as a major regional and global power and affirmed his country`s interest in India`s rise, its economic prosperity, and its security."
Lauds India`s role in Afghanistan, unveils joint developmental projects: "President Obama appreciated India`s enormous contribution to Afghanistan`s development and welcomed enhanced Indian assistance that will help Afghanistan achieve self-sufficiency."
"In addition to their own independent assistance programs in Afghanistan, the two sides resolved to pursue joint development projects with the Afghan Government in capacity building, agriculture and women`s empowerment."
Defeating Lashkar-e-Taiba, eliminating safe havens for terrorists: "They reiterated that success in Afghanistan and regional and global security require elimination of safe havens and infrastructure for terrorism and violent extremism in Afghanistan and Pakistan.
Justice for 26/11: "Condemning terrorism in all its forms, the two sides agreed that all terrorist networks, including Lashkar e-Taiba, must be defeated and called for Pakistan to bring to justice the perpetrators of the November 2008 Mumbai attacks."
Deepening counter-terror cooperation and homeland security dialogue: "Building upon the Counter Terrorism Initiative signed in July 2010, the two leaders announced a new Homeland Security Dialogue between the Ministry of Home Affairs and the Department of Homeland Security and agreed to further deepen operational cooperation, counter-terrorism technology transfers and capacity building."
Easing of high-tech exports: "The two leaders decided to take mutual steps to expand US-India cooperation in civil space, defence, and other high-technology sectors. Commensurate with India`s nonproliferation record and commitment to abide by multilateral export control standards, these steps include the United States removing Indian entities from the US Department of Commerce`s "Entity List" and realignment of India in US export control regulations."
Backing for India`s membership of multilateral groups: The United States intends to support India`s full membership in the four multilateral export control regimes (Nuclear Suppliers Group, Missile Technology Control Regime, Australia Group, and Wassenaar Arrangement) in a phased manner, and to consult with regime members to encourage the evolution of regime membership criteria, consistent with maintaining the core principles of these regimes, as the Government of India takes steps towards the full adoption of the regimes` export control requirements to reflect its prospective membership, with both processes moving forward together.
Implementing India-US civil nuclear deal: "They reiterated their commitment to build strong India-U.S. civil nuclear energy cooperation through the participation of the U.S. nuclear energy firms in India on the basis of mutually acceptable technical and commercial terms and conditions that enable a viable tariff regime for electricity generated. They noted that both countries had enacted domestic legislations and were also signatories to the Convention on Supplementary Compensation.
"They welcomed the commencement of negotiations and dialogue between the Indian operator and U.S. nuclear energy companies, and expressed hope for early commencement of commercial cooperation in the civil nuclear energy sector in India, which will stimulate economic growth and sustainable development and generate employment in both countries."
Backs India`s leadership in East Asia: "The two leaders have a shared vision for peace, stability and prosperity in Asia, the Indian Ocean region and the Pacific region and committed to work together, and with others in the region, for the evolution of an open, balanced and inclusive architecture in the region."
Nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation: "The two leaders affirmed that their countries` common ideals, complementary strengths and a shared commitment to a world without nuclear weapons give them a responsibility to forge a strong partnership to lead global efforts for non-proliferation and universal and non-discriminatory global nuclear disarmament in the 21st century."
"India reaffirmed its unilateral and voluntary moratorium on nuclear explosive testing. The United States reaffirmed its testing moratorium and its commitment to ratify the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and bring it into force at an early date."
Resolving Iranian nuclear issue through dialogue: The leaders reaffirmed their commitment to diplomacy to resolve the Iranian nuclear issue, and discussed the need for Iran to take constructive and immediate steps to meet its obligations to the IAEA and the UN Security Council.
Joint projects in Africa: "...to adapt shared innovations and technologies and use their expertise in capacity building to extend food security to interested countries, including in Africa, in consultation with host governments."
Climate Change: "Prime Minister Singh and President Obama reiterated the importance of a positive result for the current climate change negotiations at the forthcoming conference of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Mexico and affirmed their support for the Copenhagen Accord, which should contribute positively to a successful outcome in Cancun."
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