New Delhi: Technology giant IBM has released a list of top five innovations, which will help city authorities in addressing health problems like H1N1 virus, energy and water needs as well as crisis management.
"As the landscape of human lives changes, we have to look at technologies which would make cities more efficient in responding to the needs of the people. We believe these top five innovations are a reflection of the changes taking place and also what is to come in the future," IBM Research (India) associate director Manish Gupta said.
With an estimated 60 million people moving to cities and urban areas each year globally, the list focuses on technologies that will help the city authorities address increasing population and deteriorating infrastructure, he added.
The list talks about innovations in the health space which will help in better detection, tracking, preparing for and prevention of infections, such as the H1N1 virus or seasonal influenza.
"Given their population density, cities will remain hotbeds of communicable diseases ... We will see a "health Internet" emerge, where anonymous medical information, contained in electronic health records, will be securely shared to curtail the spread of disease and keep people healthier," he said.
Smarter buildings is yet another innovation which finds place in the top five innovations list.
"Thousands of sensors inside buildings will monitor everything from motion and temperature to humidity, occupancy and light.
This system will enable repairs before something breaks, emergency units to respond quickly with the necessary resources, and consumers and business owners to monitor their energy consumption and carbon emission in real-time and take action to reduce them," Gupta said.
Other innovations include smarter grids for saving electricity and water as well as the use of sensors, which will be able to monitor cities and detect threats in advance.
"We feel that innovations for health, energy and water conservation and security make sense for India as well as on a global level," Gupta said, adding that these technologies have been deployed worldwide.
Companies like DLF, North Delhi Power and Hindustan Petroleum Corp have deployed some of these technologies.
While DLF has deployed IBM`s digital surveillance solution, NDPL is working with the technology giant for accelerating the adoption of smart grid technologies and business solutions throughout the world.
HPCL is using IBM`s Radio Frequency Identification-based solution for end-to-end tracking LPG cylinders from plant to the end-consumer.