New Delhi: A government survey has showed wide disparity between male and female wage earners in the 15-59 age group both in urban and rural areas.
The study conducted by National Sample Survey Office for 2007-08 said that while the average wage rate in rural areas was Rs 175.30 per day for males it was Rs 108.14 for females.
Similarly, in urban areas, the average wage rate for males was Rs 276.04 per day against 212.86 for females.
In rural areas, the average male wage rate for casual labourers other than NREGA public works was Rs 76.02 while that for females was Rs 70.66, according to the survey.
The survey carried out between July 2007 and June 2008 covered a random sample of 5.72 lakh people from 79,091 rural households and 46,487 urban households spread over 7921 villages and 4668 urban blocks across the country.
Providing an exhaustive demographic profile of the country, it said 72 percent of the household in the country belong to rural India and accounted for 74 percent of the total population.
It said average household size in India was 4.5 and rural household size (4.7) was slightly higher than urban household size (4.2).
About the labour and workforce, it said 41 percent of the population belonged to labour force (with a reference period of one year). This proportion was 43 percent for rural and 37 percent for urban areas.
The survey said that about 40 percent of the population in the country were employed (with a reference period of one year). It said that in urban areas, trade, hotel and restaurant sector engaged about 28 percent of the male workers, while in manufacturing sector it stood at nearly 24 percent.