Havana: Fidel Castro has died at the age of 90, Cuban state television announced on Saturday, ending an era for the country and Latin America.
There would now be several days of national mourning on the island.
Barring the occasional newspaper column, Fidel Castro had essentially been retired from political life for some time.
The revolutionary icon, one of the world's best-known and most controversial leaders, survived countless US assassination attempts and premature obituaries, but in the end proved mortal after suffering a long battle with illness.
Here are some of his famous quotes:
- “Condemn me. It is of no importance. History will absolve me.” -- Castro in 1953, when the young lawyer was defending himself at trial for his near-suicidal assault on the Moncada military barracks in Santiago de Cuba.
- “I began the revolution with 82 men. If I had to do it again, I would do it with 10 or 15 and absolute faith. It does not matter how small you are if you have faith and a plan of action.” -- Castro in 1959.
- “I’m not thinking of cutting my beard, because I’m accustomed to my beard and my beard means many things to my country. When we fulfill our promise of good government I will cut my beard.” -- Castro in a 1959 interview with CBS’s Edward Murrow, 30 days after the revolution.
- “A revolution is not a bed of roses. A revolution is a struggle between the future and the past.” -- Castro in 1959.
- “I reached the conclusion long ago that the one last sacrifice I must make for (Cuban) public health is to stop smoking. I haven’t really missed it that much.” -- Castro in December 1985 upon announcing he had stopped smoking cigars.
- “I never saw a contradiction between the ideas that sustain me and the ideas of that symbol, of that extraordinary figure (Jesus Christ).” -- Castro in 1985.
- “Just imagine what would happen in the world if the socialist community were to disappear ... if this were possible and I don’t believe it is possible.” -- Castro in 1989.
- “We have to stick to the facts and, simply put, the socialist camp has collapsed.” -- Castro in 1991.
- “These changes (the opening to international tourism, foreign investment, some small business and family remittances) have their social cost, because we lived in a glass case, pure asepsis, and now we are surrounded by viruses, bacteria to the point of distraction and the egoism created by the capitalist system of production.” -- Castro in 1998.
- “One of the greatest benefits of the revolution is that even our prostitutes are college graduates.” -- Castro to director Oliver Stone in 2003 documentary “Comandante.”
- “I realised that my true destiny would be the war that I was going to have with the United States.” -- Castro’s opening quote in “Looking for Fidel”, Stone’s second documentary on the Cuban leader from 2004.
- “Here is a conclusion I’ve come to after many years: among all the errors we may have committed, the greatest of them all was that we believed that someone ... actually knew how to build socialism. ... Whenever they said. ‘That’s the formula,’ we thought they knew. Just as if someone is a physician.” Castro in 2005.
- “I’m really happy to reach 80. I never expected it, not least having a neighbour, the greatest power in the world, trying to kill me every day,” he said on July 21, 2006 while attending a summit of Latin American presidents in Argentina.
- “I will neither aspire to nor accept ... the positions of President of the State Council and Commander in Chief ... It would be a betrayal of my conscience to accept a responsibility requiring more mobility and dedication than I am physically able to offer.” Castro, in February 2008, announcing his resignation as president.
- “We are not a developed capitalist country in crisis, whose leaders are going crazy looking for solutions amidst depression, inflation, a lack of markets and unemployment; we are and we must be socialists.” -- Castro writing in one of his “reflections,” or newspaper columns in 2008.
- “The Cuban model doesn’t even work for us anymore.” -- Castro in 2010 during an interview with US journalist Jeffrey Goldberg. Castro later said his comment was taken out of context.
- "Soon I will end up like everyone does...We all have our turn." -- Castro on his 90th birthday.