New Delhi: Bihar Chief Minister Nitish
Kumar on Wednesday said an "integrated approach" was needed to tackle
the Naxal menace as "enforcement action alone" would lead to
their wider alienation.
Addressing a meeting of Naxal-affected states convened
by the Prime Minister here, the Bihar Chief Minister also
attacked the Centre for not providing requisite support to his
state for tackling the menace.
Stressing on the need for an "integrated approach"
against Left-wing extremism, Kumar said, "Enforcement action
alone leads to wider alienation, making heroes out of the
leaders of the extremist organisations and leads to only
symptomatic treatment, leaving the underlined disease to
reappear in a more virulent form."
"Naxal elements are a part of our society even though
they have been misled into following the path of violence," he
Kumar said despite concerns expressed by his
government over the Naxal situation and demands to increase
the number of Central Paramilitary Forces (CPMF) in the state,
Bihar has "not received the requisite support from the Central
"There has been no change in the number of CPMF
companies deployed in Bihar over the last several years," he
said, adding that after the last such meeting in October 2009,
the number of CPMF was increased in other states but Bihar
"did not get a single additional company".
The number of CPMF training establishments in the
state should also be increased, he said.
Kumar said Left-wing extremism could be tackled
through sustained development but this needs the Centre`s
supportive approach to states like Bihar.
He said the state government has been successful in
keeping the Naxal situation under check despite handicaps in
terms of limited manpower, equipment and resources.
"To augment this, we have raised a Special Auxiliary
Police by employing ex-servicemen. Unfortunately, we have not
been able to get the sanctioned number even after relaxing the
employment conditions and raising the allowances," Kumar said.
Pointing out that over 2,000 state police personnel
have been trained by various organisations to tackle "domestic
militancy", Kumar said Bihar was also working to set up
schools for specialised counter-insurgency training.
On the Planning Commission`s integrated action plan
for carrying out developmental work in 35 Naxal-affected
districts, Kumar said, "It is recognised that there are 83
Left-wing extremism affected districts all over India. It is
not clear as to why only 35 districts have been selected for
"As the remaining 48 districts will continue to remain
backward, the problem cannot be solved by leaving the majority
of the districts uncovered," he said.
"It cannot be disputed that intensive all-round
development is the final solution for the Left-wing extremism
problem," he noted.
Kumar said his government`s flagship programme
`Aapki Sarkar Aapke Dwar` aimed at holistic development of the
This strategy, he said, included sanitisation of such
areas before implementing developmental and welfare activities
in a saturation approach.
The Chief Minister also said that Bihar shares a long
and porous border with Nepal leading to problems of fake
currency, smuggling of narcotics and criminal activities, and
there was a "strong need" for increasing the number of CPMFs
Kumar said fortification of Border Outposts,
construction of border roads and joint survey of the
international boundary by the teams of both countries was also