New Delhi: Technologies that support
adaptation to the increasing impacts of climate change in the
area of water, health and agriculture must be in the domain of
public sector rather than private, India said on Tuesday.
"When we talk of technology mechanism for adaptation then
it is reasonable to assume that we are talking largely of
technology in the public domain," Environment Minister Jairam
Ramesh said today at the "Ministerial Dialogue on Climate
Change: Technology Mechanism" here.
The conference which is attended by ministers from over
50 countries is being held to finalise technology mechanism,
funding patterns and its structure at the global climate meet
in Cancun beginning November 29.
Ramesh`s comments were in keeping with the need of the
developing countries particularly India where adaptation
necessarily means issues relating to agriculture, water,
health which are largely in the public domain.
"So speaking for myself (India), I would argue that if we
are seriously talking about promoting technology mechanism
outcome at Cancun, which would be focused on the need of the
majority of developing countries which happened to be
adaptors and not mitigators then we should accept the
reality that technology mechanism would be largely in a public
domain," he said.
Ramesh was of the view that "the private sector in any
country is not going to enthusiastically embrace adaptation as
readily as it would embrace mitigation," also because
Intellectual Property Rights issue on sharing technologies has
remained a sticky issue between rich and developing nations.
The Minister also made it clear that he was not hopeful
of any final treaty on climate change at the Cancun given wide
differences between developed and developing countries on the
issue of greenhouse gas emission cuts. He also pointed out
that there was no headway in the proposed climate fund.
Noting that technology and finance were two main pillars
in climate change issue, Ramesh said developing nations want
new technology and fund to help them take adaptation and
mitigation measures to check greenhouse gases causing global
"There are three questions that need to be answered.
First, how this technology mechanism will be covered and
"Second question relates to what will be the work
programme or priority for the technology mechanism in the next
three to five years and third question will be how it would be
funded or from where financing will come from for launching
the technology mechanism," he said.