New Delhi: Observing that UN peacekeeping
operations were becoming "more complex" due to threats posed
by non-state actors in conflict zones, Army Chief Gen VK
Singh on Wednesday said this problem should be addressed "much more
India is the third largest contributor to UN
Peacekeeping missions after Bangladesh and Pakistan and it has
despatched around 8,000 troops in places like Congo, Sudan,
Lebanon and the Golan Heights.
"Peacekeeping operations are becoming more complex and
challenging... It is easy to deal with state players. But, as
far as non-state players are concerned, the possibility of
what they will do and how they will convert their own
capability and their influences on the state to the detriment
of the peace-keeping mission needs to be seen much more
seriously," he said here.
The Army Chief was addressing a seminar on
`Peacekeeping vision 2015` organised by the Norwegian
Institute of International Affairs here.
Singh said threats posed by non-state actors to UN
missions in conflict areas challenges not only the UN forces
on ground but also the policy-makers in the world body.
He said peacekeeping missions are facing the "unique
challenge" of implementing mandates that were either
"nebulous" or have aspects that may may not be
"implementable or enforceable".
He said this issue needs to be addressed by the UN and
the countries contributing their troops, or it could pose
problems on the ground.
"More often than not, what we have found in some
missions that the UN comes under fire because it is not able
to enforce the mandate that has been given. There are a lot of
facets that come out of the situation, which are probably just
outside the mandate, and the entire mission comes under great
amount of scrutiny and criticism," he added.
He added the missions have to "indulge outside
military parameters to ensure that the various players are
brought together on a platform where they can narrow down