New Delhi: Every four minutes, one person takes his own life in this country and one in every five suicides is that of a housewife.
This and other startling figures are part of a government report `Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India 2011` released here recently.
According to the report, the number of suicides have increased in 2011 by 0.7 per cent to touch 1,35,585 compared to 1,34,599 in the previous year.
West Bengal has reported the highest number of suicides (16,492) accounting for 12.2 per cent followed by Tamil Nadu (15,963), Maharashtra (15,947), Andhra Pradesh (15,077) and Karnataka (12,622).
These 5 States together accounted for 56.2 per cent of the total suicides reported in the country.
"West Bengal has reported the highest number of suicide victims in 2009, second highest in 2010 and highest in 2011.
Southern States Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu including Maharashtra have together accounted for 50.2 per cent of total suicides reported in the country," the report said.
Bengaluru (1,717), Chennai (2,438), Delhi (1,385) and Mumbai (1,162) together have reported almost 36.7% of the total suicides reported from 53 mega cities.
"It is observed that social and economic causes have led most of the males to commit suicides whereas emotional and personal causes have mainly driven females to end their lives," the report said.
The male:female ratio of suicide victims was 65:35, however, the proportion of boys:girls suicide victims (upto 14 years of age) was 52:48. Nearly 71.1 per cent of the suicide victims were married males while 68.2 per cent were married females.
"One suicide for every five suicides was committed by a housewife. 38. 3 per cent of suicide victims were self-employed while only 7.7 per cent were un-employed.
Government servants were merely constituted 1. 2 per cent of the total suicide victims," the report said.
Among the suicides committed by children, the report said more than half of the victims (58.9 per cent) belonged to five states -- West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka and Odisha, out of 3,035 suicide victims at all India level.
The number of suicides in the country during the decade (2001?2011) has recorded an increase of 25.0 per cent (from 1,08,506 in 2001 to 1,35,585 in 2010).
The population has increased by 17.8 per cent during the decade but the rate of suicides in 2011 was 11. 2 which is marginally greater than 10.6 recorded in 2001.
Suicides due to `family problems` (24.3 per cent) and `illness? (19.6 per cent) altogether accounted for 43.9 per cent of total cases while the percentage of suicides due to divorce, illegitimate pregnancy and `professional problems showed a relatively higher increase of 54.5 per cent, 20.1 per cent and 20.1 per cent respectively.
Kerala, Himachal Pradesh, Tripura, Puducherry and Goa together accounted for 55.8 per cent of suicide victims in the age group 60 years and above.
The highest number of family Suicides cases were reported from Rajasthan (72) followed by Kerala (19), Andhra Pradesh (15) and Madhya Pradesh (14) out of 141 cases during 2011.
On the mode of suicides, hanging and consuming poison is the most preferred choice for taking one`s own life.
Thirty-two per cent of the suicide victims consumed poison, 33.2 per cent preferred death by hanging while 8.8 per cent by self-immolation and 5.9 per cent by drowning?.