New Delhi: India`s greenhouse gas emissions
(GHGs) have increased by 58 per cent to 1.9 billion tonnes
between 1994-2009, primarily from coal-based power sector that
nearly doubled its carbon footprint, a study has said.
"The growth in the power sector would inevitably result
into the expansion of the carbon footprint in the sector,"
according to a joint study by Assocham and Ernst & Young.
India has 10 per cent of the world`s coal reserves, and
it plans to add 78.7 gigawatt of the power generation capacity
during the 11th Five Year Plan, with most of it emanating from
coal, it added.
The study further said the power sector accounted for
719.30 million tonnes of emission until recently against
355.03 million tonnes in 1994.
GHGs emissions from various sectors such as power and
transportation are the main cause for global warming.
Aimed at complying with upcoming climate regulations and
achieve growth in a low carbon sustainable trajectory, Indian
industries would also have to reduce their carbon footprints
significantly, the study said.
"They will have to monitor, report and get their
emissions externally verified, strengthen strategic and
operational actions on mitigation voluntary emission intensity
reduction target by 2020, as they would be subject to
individual carbon emission caps or sectoral energy
benchmarks," it said.
India at the Copenhagen Climate Summit last year has
voluntarily pledged to cut its carbon emission intensity by 15
to 20 per cent by 2020 and is in the process of taking various
steps to move towards low-carbon growth path.
The study has, however, predicted that, India`s GHG
emissions per-capita emissions would still be half the global
average. "Coal gratification and demand side management
initiatives would emerge as the most attractive technologies
and shall receive immediate attention."
It, however, emphasised that individual companies need to
strengthen their endeavour to increase the efficiency of their
processes, explore alternative fuel usage and strategic
investments in cleantech.