How plants and soil fungi turned Earth ‘green’ over 470 mn yrs ago
London: Experts from the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Imperial College London and the University of Sydney have learnt how ancient plants and soil fungi turned the Earth green over 470 million years ago.
The study showed that an ancient plant group worked together with soil-dwelling fungi to ``green`` the Earth in the early Palaeozoic era, nearly half a billion years ago.
The team studied a thalloid liverwort plant for the study. They used controlled-environment growth rooms to simulate a CO2-rich atmosphere, similar to that of the Palaeozoic era when these plants originated.
The team found that when the thalloid liverwort was colonised by the fungi, it significantly enhanced photosynthetic carbon uptake, growth and asexual reproduction, factors that had a beneficial impact on plant fitness.
The fungi provide essential soil nutrients and the fungi also benefit by receiving carbon from the plants.
“Our results support the idea that the ``greening`` of the Earth was promoted by a symbiosis between plants and fungi. It shows that plants didn``t get a toe-hold on land without teaming up with fungi,” said Professor David Beerling, from the Department of Animal and Plant Sciences at the University of Sheffield.
Martin Bidartondo from the Jodrell Laboratory at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, said, "Fungi are present in every type of habitat throughout the world and are essential for many plants to grow. It is exciting that we are now beginning to discover the fungi associated with ``lower`` plants, and that many more still remain to be investigated."
The research was published in Nature Communications.
More from India
More from World
More from Sports
More from Entertaiment
- UP CM Yogi Adityanath takes 50 decisions without single Cabinet meet
- UP CM Yogi Adityanath reviews Gomti riverfront work
- Triple Talaq: Why AIMPLB are opposing the petitions filed in Supreme Court?
- Legal, illegal slaughterhouses in UP: What you need to know
- DNA: Should strict action be taken against stone pelters of J&K?
- Azam Khan demands ban on cow slaughter across India, says Muslims should stop eating beef
- Kapil Sharma–Sunil Grover fallout: Kiku Sharda finally breaks silence
- Chinese national insults Indian flag, throws it in dustbin outside Noida Oppo office; massive protest takes place
- No ban on cow slaughter in three Northeast states if party comes to power next year: BJP
- Gautam Gambhir gives Aussies perfect send-off, says true champions let their game do all the talking!