Kadmat, Lakshadweep: Union Minister of State for Agriculture, K V Thomas, Friday said impact of climate change on agriculture would be `far reaching` in India.
Inaugurating the International Workshop on Climate change and Island Vulnerability here, the minister said due to high population depending of agriculture, excessive pressure on natural resources and lack of fast alternatives the impact of climate change on agriculture would be `far reaching` in the country.
In India several areas have been recognised as being risk prone to the impacts of climate change. Among these are the most productive Indo-Gangetic plains, coastal areas including islands and other frequently drought and flood prone regions, he said.
International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) recently in their assessment report had pointed out that recent global warming could melt glaciers and raise world sea level by 0.18 to 0.59 meters by 2100. If such rise in the sea level and rise in high tidal level, cyclones and storms occurs in India which has a 7500 km coastline, impact on the livelohood of coastal communities would be considerable, he said.
Union government has taken several initiatives in the areas of strategic research, extension and public awareness, development and policy measurers to comprehensively address the climate change impacts on agriculture. The National Action Plan for Climate, change under the chairmenship of Prime Minister, is the most important initiative to effectively address the cliamte change, he said.
The initial output of the network project on climate change (NPCC) has helped in understanding the impacts of temperature and rain fall variability on a number of good crops and horticulture. The increase in temperature at varying degree has affected the productivity of rice, wheat, mustard, potato, coconut and apple. The adverse effect has also been observed on forest trees, he said.