New Delhi: India Tuesday advocated a "paradigm shift" in finding a solution to global warming, days after UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) warned that current trends in carbon emissions will lead to "disaster".
Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar, however, maintained that developed nations have a "historical responsibility" to address climate change issues which should be tackled "scientifically".
The Minister's statement assumes significance in the backdrop of upcoming UN-sponsored conferences- Montreal Protocol meet in Paris and UNFCCC in Peruvian capital Lima.
"Yesterday IPCC has given a report on environment and has said human actions have damaged it and human action only can change it and repair it. I believe yes we can. But we have to do it scientifically. There is an issue of historical responsibility and that must be addressed," Javadekar said.
He said that climate change cannot be addressed through governments, negotiations or world order but through community action in which both government and non-government's efforts should come together in changing consumption patterns.
"To mitigate this climate change, we need to think in a new paradigm. There needs to be a paradigm shift in our thinking as how we can do this. There are discourses," he said during a Royal Bank of Scotland Earth Heroes Awards 2014 function here.
Javadekar said that the report released in Copenhagen has said human actions have damaged climate and it was human action which will change and repair it.
"I believe yes we can. But we have to do it scientifically. There is an issue of historical responsibility and that must be addressed. There is also a responsibility which is different for different countries," the Minister said.
Stressing that the environment got polluted because of rapid industrial developments, he said that with industrial revolution 200 years ago, people started very heavily on changing the climate and impacting climate change which was now impacting the world environment.
"I believe it is not through government, negotiations, agreements or global order..After all it is the community action which helps.
"And when community action is a voluntary action, there government and non government efforts should come together, work on ground, change the habits of people, change the consumption patterns...And it is not only about developing countries. It's about developed world also," he said.
The minister said he had raised 2-3 points at various international platforms and the first was that of historical responsibility - who has polluted and who must bear the burden, what is the common but differentiated responsibility and others.
"Therefore, changing the habit and changing the way we live in sync with nature is the ultimate answer to sustainable long-term goal and living. That is the way for mitigating climate change," he said.
He said if one thinks of sustainable living, one must go back to Mahatma Gandhi's thought in which he said that the Earth can take care of your needs but not greeds.
"Many times, we are going ahead with greed only. And therefore the problem of climate change which is staring in our face today," he said.
The awards which started from 2011 are an attempt to bring recognition and honour to indivuduals and institutions who work exceptionally hard to preserve and protect critical ecosystems.
This year, the RBS 'Earth Hero Award was given away to Erach Bharucha of Conservation Education, Biveer, Pune while the 'Earth Guardian' award was given away to Kenneth Anderson of Nature Society, Hosur, Tamil Nadu.
Similarly, the RBS 'Save the Species' Awards were given away to Pangti Village Council, Nagaland and Goutam Narayan, Pygmy Hog Conservation Programme based out in Assam.
The RBS 'Inspire' award was given away to Dhritimaan Mukherjee of West Bengal while the RBS 'Green Warrior' award was given to Sujoy Banerjee, IFS, DFO Uttar Pradesh and P S Somashekar IFS, APCCF, Rajasthan.