India ranks 10th in world plant diversity

India ranks fourth in Asia and tenth in the world in plant diversity.

Ranchi: India ranks fourth in Asia and tenth in the world in plant diversity, the Birsa Agricultural University (BAU) Vice Chancellor, N N Singh, has said.
"India boasts of 45,000 plants and 91,000 animal species," Singh said delivering a special lecture on Agrobiodiversity and farmers rights at BAU yesterday.

"India is the centre of 30,000 to 50,000 varieties of rice, pigeon pea, mango, turmeric, ginger, pepper, banana, bitter gourd, okra, coconut, cardamom, jackfruit, sugarcane,
bumboo, indigo, goose berries, besides hundreds of species of wild crop relatives and forest trees," he said.

National and international organisations should work together in `partnership mode` for collective action for biodiversity conservation while maintaining their respective
areas of specialisation and thrust, he added.

He also emphasied on inter-disciplinary studies for agricultural landscapes, forests, habitats for pollinators and natural enemies of pests, species improvement, regulating
local climate and water flows and soil formation and erosion control.

Underlining the importance of integrated approach for conservation, Singh said farming system should bring together work in microbes, crop plants, forest trees, livestock,
aquaculture and combine research on genetic, biological, agronomical, socio-cultural and economic aspects.


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