Mount Everest losing its cloak of ice and snow
Washington: Mount Everest is shedding its frozen cloak as its glaciers have shrunk at an alarming rate of 13% over the last 50 years due to global warming, a new study has warned. Glaciers smaller than one square kilometre are disappearing the fastest and have experienced a 43% decrease in surface area since the 1960s, researchers said.
The snow line has shifted upward by 180 meters, according to lead researcher Sudeep Thakuri, from the University of Milan in Italy. Because the glaciers are melting faster than they are replenished by ice and snow, they are revealing rocks and debris that were previously hidden deep under the ice. These debris-covered sections of the glaciers of the glaciers have increased by 17% since the 1960s, according to Thakuri. The ends of the glaciers have also retreated by an average of 400 meters since 1962, the team found.
The researchers taking a new look at the snow and ice covering of Mount Everest and the national park have also been studying temperature and precipitation trends in the area. They researchers found that the Everest region has undergone a 0.6 degree Celsius increase in temperature and 100 mm decrease in precipitation during the pre-monsoon and winter months since 1992.
They found that the Everest region has been warming while snowfall has been declining since the early 1990s. Researchers suspect that the decline of snow and ice in the Everest region is from human-generated greenhouse gases altering global climate. However, they have not yet established a firm connection between the mountains` changes and climate change, Thakuri said.
Thakuri and his colleagues determined the extent of glacial change in the Everest region and the surrounding 1,148 sq km Sagarmatha National Park by compiling satellite imagery and topographic maps and reconstructing the area`s glacial history.
Their statistical analysis shows that the majority of the glaciers in the national park are retreating at an increasing rate, Thakuri said.
The researchers found that the Everest region has undergone a 0.6 degree Celsius increase in temperature and 100 millimetre decrease in precipitation during the pre-monsoon and winter months since 1992.
"The Himalayan glaciers and ice caps are considered a water tower for Asia since they store and supply water downstream during the dry season," said Thakuri.
"Downstream populations are dependent on the melt water for agriculture, drinking, and power production," he said.
The findings were presented at the Meeting of the Americas in Cancun, Mexico - a scientific conference organised by the American Geophysical Union.
More from India
More from World
More from Sports
More from Entertaiment
- RJD strongman Shahabuddin brought to Delhi
- NSG now 'nine times' stronger; receives technological strength from 12 countries!
- UP elections in third phase; voting on 69 seats of 12 districts
- Panel discussion over why SP government is backing Gayatri Prajapati
- DNA: Today in History, 18th February, 2017
- 'BJP is winning by absolute majority in Uttar Pradesh Assembly elections'
- 7th Pay Commission: Allowances committee raises HRA to 30%?
- India can meet its energy requirements from Moon by 2030, says ISRO
- J&K: 26 soldiers martyred, 22 militants killed as Army steps up security in Valley
- Virat Kohli becomes first Indian sportsperson to sign Rs 100-crore endorsement deal