New Delhi: Government has undertaken an "elaborate" multi-stakeholder consultation process for finalising its intended greenhouse gas emission cut ahead of the crucial UN climate change conference in Paris later this year, the Lok Sabha was informed Tuesday.
Despite having no legally binding commitment, the government has voluntarily announced to reduce green house gas emission intensity of GDP by 20-25 per cent by 2020 from the 2005 levels, Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar said.
"In the light of decision of Conference of Parties (Co) held in Lima in 2014, whereby all parties have to communicate their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) well in advance of the 21st session of CoP (Paris) by October 1, 2015 in a manner that facilitates clarity, transparency and understanding of the INDCs...
"... Government of India has undertaken an elaborate multi-stakeholder consultations for finalising its INDCs for submission ahead of the expected date," Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar said.
He noted that India being a non-annex-1 country party in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate change (UNFCCC), "does not have any legally binding commitment to reduce green house gas emissions".
"However, the government has voluntarily announced to reduce emission intensity of Gross Domestic Product by 20-25 per cent by 2020 from the 2005 level without reckoning the emissions from the agriculture sector," he said.
The Minister said that as per a report on 'India: Green house gas inventory 2007', the net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from India in 2007 with Land Use Land Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) were 1727.71 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent.
He said that out of this, CO2 emissions were 1221.76 million tonnes, Methane emissions were 20.56 million tonnes and nitrous oxide emissions were 0.24 million tonnes.
The Minister said GHG emissions from energy sector constituted 58 per cent, industry sector constituted 22 per cent, agriculture 17 per cent and waste sector 3 per cent of the net CO2 eq emissions.
The energy sector emitted 1100.06 million tonnes of CO2 eq of which 719.31 million tonnes of CO2 eq were emitted from electricity generation, 142.04 million tonnes of CO2 eq from transport sector, 137.84 from residential and 100.87 million tonnes from other energy recourses. LULUCF sector was a net sink and it sequestered 177.03 million tonnes of CO2, the minister said.
"India has taken several domestic initiatives to address climate change and the government has been implementing the National Action Plan on Climate Change to support domestic actions for adaptation and mitigation," the Minister said.
He said the government has proposed revision of target of renewable energy capacity of the Minister of New and Renewable Energy to 175 GW by 2022. The revised target of 175 GW comprises capacity addition of 100 GW solar, 60 GW wind, 10 GW Biomass and5 GW small hydro power.