New Delhi: As UN members meet in Bonn this
month to discuss climate strategy, India has said it will not
accept any pact that "erodes" the differentiation between rich
and developing nations set forth in Bali Action Plan centred
on historic responsibilities on greenhouse gas emissions.
The move is aimed at thwarting the developed nations`
attempt to dilute Kyoto Protocol and look for a new mechanism
which would make growing economies like India take up legally
binding emission cuts.
India has submitted its position on various aspects to
Ad-hoc Working Group on Long Term Co-operative Action
(AWG-LCA) of the UN on May 10 that would be in focus for
discussions to move forward after the Copenhagen conference
The text would be further discussed at a two-week meet in
Bonn, Germany beginning May 31 in the run-up to the Mexico
conference later this year.
Underlining its commitment to support the Least Developed
Countries which face acute climate crisis, India has also made
it clear that it would not accept any outcome that "creates
new differentiation amongst the developing countries."
The text clearly says that the outcome (of climate change
negotiations) must enhance and not diminish Bali Action Plan
and must be comprehensive specifying actions on adaptation,
mitigation, technology and finance.
The Copenhagen Accord, agreed to by India in the last
climate meet in December in Denmark, had outlined several
elements of the global regime of monitoring, scrutiny and
consultation for greenhouse gases (GHGs) reducing actions of
both developed and developing countries.
"Being a political document and not legally binding, the
Copenhagen Accord should not to be treated as the basis of a
negotiating text unless it is agreed to and adopted by all the
Parties," it said.
India is of the view that while it is useful for the
aggregate emission reductions objectives of Annex I Parties
(developed nations) to be inscribed in a protocol or an
agreement, it is not necessary for a legally binding outcome
to take place in form of a pact or a protocol in order to
conclude the process of negotiations in Mexico.
India has also rejected the developed nations`
suggestions to take peaking year for emissions on the notion
that it is bound to rise due to growing economy and absence of
technology and finance support to undertake mitigation.
On the issue of Monitoring, Review and Verification
(MRV), India clarified that "its voluntary actions should,
under no circumstances, be seen as taking on internationally
legally binding commitments by these (developed) countries."
Regarding technology transfer, India has sought a
multilateral mechanism that should finance and facilitate
collaborative research in future low-carbon technology and
access to intellectual property rights (IPRs) as global public
Though for the first time after Bali Action Plan India
has agreed to global goal of limiting the temperature rise to
2 degree Celsius above pre-industrial levels, it said, "it
must be preceded by a paradigm for equitable sharing of carbon
space based on per capita accumulative emissions."