Pressure on India to accept legally binding pact
Cancun: Cracks have developed among the
developing countries including the BASIC group on accepting
legally binding emission cut at the climate change conference
here, with India saying there is concerted pressue on it and
China to accept such cuts.
The United States, India and China are not in favor of
accepting a legally binding agreement, which is supported by
other developed countries, and several nations within the G77
including African nations and Least Developed Countries.
"There is a concerted move by a group of developed
countries using developing countries to put pressure on India
and China and within BASIC, since South Africa and Brazil are
supportive of a legally binding agreement," Environment
Minister Jairam Ramesh said.
"There are differences within BASIC. India and China
are united on this issue. Brazil and South Africa are united,"
"This pressure is coming from developed countries
through AOSIS, BASIC and LDCs."
"At this stage India`s strategy is to keep the door
open, the door was being closed on us," he told journalists.
Pushing hardest for a legally binding treaties are
small island nations, which are the most vulnerable to climate
Countries in India`s vicinity - Bangladesh, Maldives,
Bhutan and Nepal - are also supporting a legally binding
India`s close allies on the climate change issue -
Brazil and South Africa - are also in favor of a legally
binding agreement, which is causing divisions within the BASIC
With the conference closing tomorrow, India has
objected to raising the issue so late in the day.
It has also said that currently it is important to
concentrate on the Kyoto Protocol, which is the only legally
binding treaty on climate change, but its future is uncertain
since several countries want to abandon it.
Speaking at an open meeting here, Ramesh told
delegates that "all countries must take on binding commitments
under appropriate legal form."
Later, the minister indicated that he raised this
point to assure countries close to India like Nepal and
Bangladesh that New Delhi was committed to fulfilling its
"We will honor these," he said, noting that India was
not ready to reflect these in an international agreement yet.
The present discussion has also raised questions about
what constitutes the "bindingness" of a treaty.
India, for instance, argues that consensual decisions
taken under annual climate conferences can be considered
Indian diplomats here also argue that New Delhi`s
promise to the parliament for cutting down carbon intensity
can be considered binding since it`s a "serious" nation.
Other countries, however, argue that binding needs to
be more formal maybe on the lines of the Kyoto Protocol.
India has also consistently argued that the substance
of any outcome needs to be detailed before the form is decided
- a position which is supported by Philippines and Egypt.
Ramesh indicated that India would not agree to any
legally binding agreement until three things are clear ? the
content of legally binding, the penalty of non-compliance and
the system of monitoring.
"We are not ready to commit to a legally binding
treaty," he said.
Bolivia, which also objects to a legally binding
treaty, is concerned that this new pursuit will take attention
away from the Kyoto Protocol, which puts the legal
responsibility to cut emissions squarely on the shoulders of
Ramesh also stressed that this episode busted the
"mythology" that G-77 spoke as one voice.
"We are under attack inside G 77," he said. "India has
to approach this issue very cautiously."
More from India
More from World
More from Sports
More from Entertaiment
- I eat beef, can somebody stop me?: Kiren Rijiju hits back at Naqvi
- Delhi: Visually impaired boy scores 91.4% in CBSE 12th Board exams
- MP: 14-year-old boy works as bonded labour since 2009
- UP: Man chops off wife's nose, hair for dowry
- Zee Media Exclusive: The plight of yoga expert Tejaswi Sharma
- Woman denied flat in Mumbai for being a Muslim
- Heat ave continues in India, death toll climbs to over 1,400
- 4 Indians in Forbes' 100 most powerful women list
- Gujjar stir: HC asks Rajasthan govt to clear rail track, roads
- Megastar Amitabh Bachchan slapped with Rs 1 crore notice
- Kenyan lawyer offers to marry Barack Obama's daughter Malia
- Gujjar stir: HC asks Rajasthan govt to clear rail track, roads- Part II
- AIB: The 'Third Gender's right to dignity'
- Salman Khan accident files burnt in Mantralaya fire
- Maggi likely to face ban in India!
- CBSE Class 10 Board Result 2015 to be announced today
- Check mahresult.nic.in for MSBSHSE Maharashtra Class 12 HSC Result 2015
- CBSE Class 10 Board Result 2015 (cbse.nic.in, cbseresults.nic.in) postponed?
- Maharashtra MSBSHSE HSC Result 2015 on mahresult.nic.in
- I was misquoted, says Kiren Rijiju on 'beef' remark
- First look: Salman Khan steals thunder in `Bajrangi Bhaijaan`
- Check cbse.nic.in, cbseresults.nic.in for CBSE Class 10 Result 2015
- mahresult.nic.in updated with MSBSHSE Maharashtra HSC Class XII Result 2015
- Manmohan Singh defends himself on 2G charge, slams Modi govt for 'carbon copy' schemes
- CBSE Class 10 (Class X Board) Result 2015 on cbse.nic.in, cbseresults.nic.in at 2 pm
- Sonia Gandhi 'unconstitutional authority' during UPA: PM Narendra Modi
- Hours after attacking NDA govt, Manmohan Singh meets PM Narendra Modi
- Reservation stir: Five percent job quota to Gujjars unlikely, hints Rajasthan govt
- PMO website revamped, now send e-mail to PM Modi directly
- Death toll climbs to over 1400 as intense heatwave continues in India