Lima (Peru): India Tuesday told the US that the review of targets under Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) by other countries was not acceptable to it and the principle of Common But Differentiated Responsibility (CBDR) should be at heart of the Paris deal.
India's strong reaction came when Minister for Environment, Forests and Climate Change Prakash Javadekar met Head of the US delegation Senator Todd on the sidelines of UN Climate Change Summit at the Peruvian capital today.
The two leaders discussed key issues related to INDCs, pre-2020 ambitions and elements of the 2015 agreements including mitigation, adaptation, technology transfer framework and capacity building, as the Climate Change Summit here entered into crucial phase.
Javadekar told Todd that review of targets under INDCs by other countries was not acceptable to India.
He highlighted that principle of Common but differentiated Responsibility (CBDR) should be at heart of the Paris Agreement to be signed in December next year, according to an official statement.
His comments comes weeks after US President Barack Obama and his Chinese counterpart signed a historic deal in November under which the US would reduce emissions by 28 per cent by 2025 and China would reduce emissions by 2030.
The agreement between the two biggest polluters will provide momentum, and pressure, for other countries to announce similar plans.
For India, experts said, emissions reductions are only expected by 2040.
Since the Paris agreement will only come into effect in 2020, developed countries previously agreed that emissions reduction efforts would be ramped up between now and then.
The developed world has fallen short of its commitments. Any inaction on their part will likely fall onto the laps of countries like India in the post-2020 era in order to compensate.
Javadekar said that the target of 20,000 MW solar energy production had been increased to 100 GW during next five years which would save huge amount of coal.
The two leaders agreed to continue to work jointly to make the outcome of Lima summit positive and acceptable.
Javadekar also reiterated the need for technology upgradation through joint collaborative research and expressed concern at the availability of limited Carbon Space for the growth imperatives of developing countries.
The US delegation indicated that 1992 Annexes of the convention need to be redefined.
The Lima conference needs to provide final clarity on what the INDCs need to contain, including for developing countries who are likely to have a range of options from, for example, sector-wide emission curbs to energy intensity goals.