New Delhi: The fatal Crimean-Congo
Haemorrhagic Fever which has claimed three lives in Gujarat
has been reported in the country for the first time ever.
Caused by an animal tick-borne virus, Congo fever, has
been confirmed in the samples of the three fatal cases at
National Institute of Virology, Pune in blood as well as urine
samples of the patients, health ministry officials said.
The Indian Council of Medical Research, however, has
said that CCHF outbreaks can easily be controlled by proper
hygiene and infection control measures in the hospitals where
patients are admitted.
Similar precautions should be taken in the community
specially while slaughtering animals from whose tissues the
infection spreads to humans.
"After proper control measure, the outbreaks can be
successfully handled locally," they said.
The CCHF virus is known to be transmitted among
animals through ticks. It does not produce disease in animals
but kills from 20 to 40 per cent of humans who catch the
Typically, after a one to three day incubation period
following a tick bite, flu-like symptoms appear, which may
resolve after one week.
In upto 75 per cent of cases, however, signs of
haemorrhage appear within 3-5 days of the onset of illness.
Patients usually begin to recover after 9-10 days from symptom
onset, but there could be mortality in some cases.
A team of specialists from the National Institute of
Communicable Diseases has already been deputed to Gujarat.
The CCHF virus has earlier been reported from Africa,
the Balkans, the Middle East and Pakistan. There is
serological evidence of CCHF infection being present in India
in animals which however do not get the disease.
Those dead have been identified as Amina Momin (30) of
Kolat village in Sanand taluka of the district, Dr Gagan
Sharma and nurse Asha John of a private hospital in Ahmedabad,
where Momin was admitted with high fever, abdominal pain and
The Gujarat health department has begun surveillance
in Kolat and nearby villages in the wake of the deaths.