Diabetes has become a common disease these days just like any other whacky flu or cough and cold. According to a study conducted by The International Diabetes Federation (IDF), the number of Indians suffering from this malicious disease is expected to cross the 100 million mark by 2030. So, let us fight against this disease by adopting healthy ways of living and a proper lifestyle. Read on to know more about diabetes and how one can be cautious to prevent it. DefinitionDiabetes also called as diabetes mellitus is a metabolism disorder. The food that we eat is broken down into glucose which is the main supplier of fuel to our body.After the food is digested the glucose enters our bloodstream. Our cells then use the glucose for energy and growth. But, insulin is a major requirement for glucose to enter our cells. So, after eating, the pancreas starts releasing an adequate quantity of insulin to move the glucose present in our blood into the cells. It also lowers the blood sugar level.Causes of DiabetesIn this condition, the quantity of the glucose in the blood increases, a condition known as hyperglycemia. This is because either the body does not produce enough insulin, produces no insulin or has cells that do not respond properly to the insulin the pancreas produces. This results in too much building up of glucose in the blood. Now, this excess blood glucose eventually passes out of the body in urine. Types of DiabetesLets now have a detailed look on the types of diabetes and there treatment.Type 1 Diabetes: It is a condition when the pancreas is unable to make the hormone insulin. In type 1 diabetes, a person’s cells in the pancreas that produce insulin are destroyed.There is no exact reason as to why this happens, but scientists think genes might be a reason. Other reasons might be a person getting exposed to something else - like a virus - to get type 1 diabetes.Symptoms:Frequent urination: A person with diabetes needs to urinate more frequently and in larger volumes as the kidneys don’t respond to high levels of glucose in the bloodstream.
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